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Safe Transfer Fr...202991742024-07-13 17:48:353 days ago1720892915IN
0xaFC90264...626b7056A
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0 ETH0.000150412.06459203
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0 ETH0.000597436.17442324
Safe Transfer Fr...202008992024-06-30 0:23:2317 days ago1719707003IN
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0 ETH0.000092681.84128161
Set Approval For...202004082024-06-29 22:45:1117 days ago1719701111IN
0xaFC90264...626b7056A
0 ETH0.000069861.36580975
Set Approval For...201998642024-06-29 20:55:3517 days ago1719694535IN
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0 ETH0.000097341.90298208
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0 ETH0.000466826.48724317
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0 ETH0.00029795.916506
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157705012022-10-17 21:26:35638 days ago1666041995  Contract Creation0 ETH
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Minimal Proxy Contract for 0x11fe3af8f158024b6401a844e54d83da43d67c44

Contract Name:
DropCollection

Compiler Version
v0.8.15+commit.e14f2714

Optimization Enabled:
Yes with 200 runs

Other Settings:
default evmVersion

Contract Source Code (Solidity Standard Json-Input format)

File 1 of 21 : DropCollection.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
pragma solidity ^0.8.9;

import "erc721a-upgradeable/contracts/ERC721AUpgradeable.sol";
import "erc721a-upgradeable/contracts/extensions/ERC721AQueryableUpgradeable.sol";
import "@openzeppelin/contracts-upgradeable/utils/cryptography/MerkleProofUpgradeable.sol";
import "@openzeppelin/contracts-upgradeable/utils/math/SafeMathUpgradeable.sol";
import "../BaseCollection.sol";

contract DropCollection is
    BaseCollection,
    ERC721AUpgradeable,
    ERC721AQueryableUpgradeable
{
    using SafeMathUpgradeable for uint256;

    bytes32 private _merkleRoot;
    string private _tokenBaseURI;

    // Sales Parameters
    uint256 private _maxAmount;
    uint256 private _maxPerMint;
    uint256 private _maxPerWallet;
    uint256 private _price;

    // States
    bool private _presaleActive = false;
    bool private _saleActive = false;

    /// @custom:oz-upgrades-unsafe-allow constructor
    constructor() {
        _disableInitializers();
    }

    modifier onlyMintable(uint64 quantity) {
        require(quantity > 0, "Quantity is 0");
        require(
            _maxAmount > 0 ? totalSupply().add(quantity) <= _maxAmount : true,
            "Exceeded max supply"
        );
        require(quantity <= _maxPerMint, "Exceeded max per mint");
        _;
    }

    function initialize(
        address owner_,
        string memory name_,
        string memory symbol_,
        address treasury_,
        address royalty_,
        uint96 royaltyFee_
    ) public initializerERC721A initializer {
        __ERC721A_init(name_, symbol_);
        __ERC721AQueryable_init();
        __BaseCollection_init(owner_, treasury_, royalty_, royaltyFee_);
    }

    function mint(uint64 quantity) external payable onlyMintable(quantity) {
        require(!_presaleActive, "Presale active");
        require(_saleActive, "Sale not active");
        require(
            _getAux(_msgSender()) + quantity <= _maxPerWallet,
            "Exceeded max per wallet"
        );

        _purchaseMint(quantity, _msgSender());
    }

    function mintTo(address recipient, uint64 quantity)
        external
        payable
        onlyMintable(quantity)
    {
        require(!_presaleActive, "Presale active");
        require(_saleActive, "Sale not active");
        require(
            _getAux(recipient) + quantity <= _maxPerWallet,
            "Exceeded max per wallet"
        );

        _purchaseMint(quantity, recipient);
    }

    function presaleMint(
        uint64 quantity,
        uint256 allowed,
        bytes32[] calldata proof
    ) external payable onlyMintable(quantity) {
        uint256 mintQuantity = _getAux(_msgSender()) + quantity;
        require(_presaleActive, "Presale not active");
        require(_merkleRoot != "", "Presale not set");
        require(mintQuantity <= _maxPerWallet, "Exceeded max per wallet");
        require(mintQuantity <= allowed, "Exceeded max per wallet");
        require(
            MerkleProofUpgradeable.verify(
                proof,
                _merkleRoot,
                keccak256(abi.encodePacked(_msgSender(), allowed))
            ),
            "Presale invalid"
        );

        _purchaseMint(quantity, _msgSender());
    }

    function presaleMintTo(
        address recipient,
        uint64 quantity,
        uint256 allowed,
        bytes32[] calldata proof
    ) external payable onlyMintable(quantity) {
        uint256 mintQuantity = _getAux(recipient) + quantity;
        require(_presaleActive, "Presale not active");
        require(_merkleRoot != "", "Presale not set");
        require(mintQuantity <= _maxPerWallet, "Exceeded max per wallet");
        require(mintQuantity <= allowed, "Exceeded max per wallet");
        require(
            MerkleProofUpgradeable.verify(
                proof,
                _merkleRoot,
                keccak256(abi.encodePacked(recipient, allowed))
            ),
            "Presale invalid"
        );

        _purchaseMint(quantity, recipient);
    }

    function batchAirdrop(
        uint64[] calldata quantities,
        address[] calldata recipients
    ) external onlyRolesOrOwner(MANAGER_ROLE) {
        uint256 length = recipients.length;
        require(quantities.length == length, "Invalid Arguments");

        for (uint256 i = 0; i < length; ) {
            _safeMint(recipients[i], quantities[i]);
            unchecked {
                i++;
            }
        }
    }

    function setMerkleRoot(bytes32 newRoot)
        external
        onlyRolesOrOwner(MANAGER_ROLE)
    {
        _merkleRoot = newRoot;
    }

    function startSale(
        uint256 newMaxAmount,
        uint256 newMaxPerMint,
        uint256 newMaxPerWallet,
        uint256 newPrice,
        bool presale
    ) external onlyRolesOrOwner(MANAGER_ROLE) {
        _saleActive = true;
        _presaleActive = presale;

        _maxAmount = newMaxAmount;
        _maxPerMint = newMaxPerMint;
        _maxPerWallet = newMaxPerWallet;
        _price = newPrice;
    }

    function stopSale() external onlyRolesOrOwner(MANAGER_ROLE) {
        _saleActive = false;
        _presaleActive = false;
    }

    function setBaseURI(string memory newBaseURI)
        external
        onlyRolesOrOwner(MANAGER_ROLE)
    {
        _tokenBaseURI = newBaseURI;
    }

    function burn(uint256 tokenId) external onlyRoles(BURNER_ROLE) {
        require(AddressUpgradeable.isContract(_msgSender()), "Not Allowed");
        _burn(tokenId);
    }

    function maxAmount() external view returns (uint256) {
        return _maxAmount;
    }

    function maxPerMint() external view returns (uint256) {
        return _maxPerMint;
    }

    function maxPerWallet() external view returns (uint256) {
        return _maxPerWallet;
    }

    function price() external view returns (uint256) {
        return _price;
    }

    function presaleActive() external view returns (bool) {
        return _presaleActive;
    }

    function saleActive() external view returns (bool) {
        return _saleActive;
    }

    function _baseURI() internal view virtual override returns (string memory) {
        return _tokenBaseURI;
    }

    function _purchaseMint(uint64 quantity, address to) internal {
        require(_price.mul(quantity) <= msg.value, "Value incorrect");

        unchecked {
            _totalRevenue = _totalRevenue.add(msg.value);
        }

        _setAux(to, _getAux(to) + quantity);
        _niftyKit.addFees(msg.value);
        _mint(to, quantity);
    }

    function _startTokenId() internal pure override returns (uint256) {
        return 1;
    }

    function isApprovedForAll(address owner, address operator)
        public
        view
        override(ERC721AUpgradeable, IERC721AUpgradeable)
        returns (bool isOperator)
    {
        if (_allowedOperators[operator]) return true;
        if (_blockedOperators[operator]) return false;

        return ERC721AUpgradeable.isApprovedForAll(owner, operator);
    }

    function setApprovalForAll(address operator, bool approved)
        public
        virtual
        override(ERC721AUpgradeable, IERC721AUpgradeable)
    {
        require(
            !_blockedOperators[operator],
            "Operator has been blocked by contract owner."
        );

        ERC721AUpgradeable.setApprovalForAll(operator, approved);
    }

    // The following functions are overrides required by Solidity.
    /**
     * @dev See {IERC165-supportsInterface}.
     */
    function supportsInterface(bytes4 interfaceId)
        public
        view
        virtual
        override(ERC721AUpgradeable, IERC721AUpgradeable, BaseCollection)
        returns (bool)
    {
        return
            ERC721AUpgradeable.supportsInterface(interfaceId) ||
            BaseCollection.supportsInterface(interfaceId) ||
            super.supportsInterface(interfaceId);
    }
}

File 2 of 21 : BaseCollection.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
pragma solidity ^0.8.9;

import "solady/src/auth/OwnableRoles.sol";
import "@openzeppelin/contracts-upgradeable/utils/ContextUpgradeable.sol";
import "@openzeppelin/contracts-upgradeable/utils/AddressUpgradeable.sol";
import "@openzeppelin/contracts-upgradeable/utils/math/SafeMathUpgradeable.sol";
import "@openzeppelin/contracts-upgradeable/token/common/ERC2981Upgradeable.sol";
import "./interfaces/IBaseCollection.sol";
import "./interfaces/INiftyKit.sol";

abstract contract BaseCollection is
    OwnableRoles,
    ContextUpgradeable,
    ERC2981Upgradeable,
    IBaseCollection
{
    using AddressUpgradeable for address;
    using SafeMathUpgradeable for uint256;

    uint256 public constant ADMIN_ROLE = 1 << 0;
    uint256 public constant MANAGER_ROLE = 1 << 1;
    uint256 public constant BURNER_ROLE = 1 << 2;

    INiftyKit internal _niftyKit;
    address internal _treasury;
    uint256 internal _totalRevenue;

    // Operators
    mapping(address => bool) internal _allowedOperators;
    mapping(address => bool) internal _blockedOperators;

    function __BaseCollection_init(
        address owner_,
        address treasury_,
        address royalty_,
        uint96 royaltyFee_
    ) internal onlyInitializing {
        _initializeOwner(owner_);
        __ERC2981_init();

        _niftyKit = INiftyKit(_msgSender());
        _treasury = treasury_;
        _setDefaultRoyalty(royalty_, royaltyFee_);
    }

    function withdraw() external {
        require(address(this).balance > 0, "0 balance");

        INiftyKit niftyKit = _niftyKit;
        uint256 balance = address(this).balance;
        uint256 fees = niftyKit.getFees(address(this));
        niftyKit.addFeesClaimed(fees);
        AddressUpgradeable.sendValue(payable(address(niftyKit)), fees);
        AddressUpgradeable.sendValue(payable(_treasury), balance.sub(fees));
    }

    function setTreasury(address newTreasury)
        external
        onlyRolesOrOwner(ADMIN_ROLE)
    {
        _treasury = newTreasury;
    }

    function setDefaultRoyalty(address receiver, uint96 feeNumerator)
        external
        onlyRolesOrOwner(ADMIN_ROLE)
    {
        _setDefaultRoyalty(receiver, feeNumerator);
    }

    function setTokenRoyalty(
        uint256 tokenId,
        address receiver,
        uint96 feeNumerator
    ) external onlyRolesOrOwner(ADMIN_ROLE) {
        _setTokenRoyalty(tokenId, receiver, feeNumerator);
    }

    function setAllowedOperator(address operator, bool allowed)
        external
        onlyRolesOrOwner(MANAGER_ROLE)
    {
        _allowedOperators[operator] = allowed;
        emit OperatorAllowed(operator, allowed);
    }

    function setBlockedOperator(address operator, bool blocked)
        external
        onlyRolesOrOwner(MANAGER_ROLE)
    {
        _blockedOperators[operator] = blocked;
        emit OperatorBlocked(operator, blocked);
    }

    function isAllowedOperator(address operator) external view returns (bool) {
        return _allowedOperators[operator];
    }

    function isBlockedOperator(address operator) external view returns (bool) {
        return _blockedOperators[operator];
    }

    function treasury() external view returns (address) {
        return _treasury;
    }

    function totalRevenue() external view returns (uint256) {
        return _totalRevenue;
    }

    /**
     * @dev See {IERC165-supportsInterface}.
     */
    function supportsInterface(bytes4 interfaceId)
        public
        view
        virtual
        override(ERC2981Upgradeable)
        returns (bool)
    {
        return
            interfaceId == type(IBaseCollection).interfaceId ||
            super.supportsInterface(interfaceId);
    }
}

File 3 of 21 : ERC721AUpgradeable.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
// ERC721A Contracts v4.2.2
// Creator: Chiru Labs

pragma solidity ^0.8.4;

import './IERC721AUpgradeable.sol';
import {ERC721AStorage} from './ERC721AStorage.sol';
import './ERC721A__Initializable.sol';

/**
 * @dev Interface of ERC721 token receiver.
 */
interface ERC721A__IERC721ReceiverUpgradeable {
    function onERC721Received(
        address operator,
        address from,
        uint256 tokenId,
        bytes calldata data
    ) external returns (bytes4);
}

/**
 * @title ERC721A
 *
 * @dev Implementation of the [ERC721](https://eips.ethereum.org/EIPS/eip-721)
 * Non-Fungible Token Standard, including the Metadata extension.
 * Optimized for lower gas during batch mints.
 *
 * Token IDs are minted in sequential order (e.g. 0, 1, 2, 3, ...)
 * starting from `_startTokenId()`.
 *
 * Assumptions:
 *
 * - An owner cannot have more than 2**64 - 1 (max value of uint64) of supply.
 * - The maximum token ID cannot exceed 2**256 - 1 (max value of uint256).
 */
contract ERC721AUpgradeable is ERC721A__Initializable, IERC721AUpgradeable {
    using ERC721AStorage for ERC721AStorage.Layout;

    // =============================================================
    //                           CONSTANTS
    // =============================================================

    // Mask of an entry in packed address data.
    uint256 private constant _BITMASK_ADDRESS_DATA_ENTRY = (1 << 64) - 1;

    // The bit position of `numberMinted` in packed address data.
    uint256 private constant _BITPOS_NUMBER_MINTED = 64;

    // The bit position of `numberBurned` in packed address data.
    uint256 private constant _BITPOS_NUMBER_BURNED = 128;

    // The bit position of `aux` in packed address data.
    uint256 private constant _BITPOS_AUX = 192;

    // Mask of all 256 bits in packed address data except the 64 bits for `aux`.
    uint256 private constant _BITMASK_AUX_COMPLEMENT = (1 << 192) - 1;

    // The bit position of `startTimestamp` in packed ownership.
    uint256 private constant _BITPOS_START_TIMESTAMP = 160;

    // The bit mask of the `burned` bit in packed ownership.
    uint256 private constant _BITMASK_BURNED = 1 << 224;

    // The bit position of the `nextInitialized` bit in packed ownership.
    uint256 private constant _BITPOS_NEXT_INITIALIZED = 225;

    // The bit mask of the `nextInitialized` bit in packed ownership.
    uint256 private constant _BITMASK_NEXT_INITIALIZED = 1 << 225;

    // The bit position of `extraData` in packed ownership.
    uint256 private constant _BITPOS_EXTRA_DATA = 232;

    // Mask of all 256 bits in a packed ownership except the 24 bits for `extraData`.
    uint256 private constant _BITMASK_EXTRA_DATA_COMPLEMENT = (1 << 232) - 1;

    // The mask of the lower 160 bits for addresses.
    uint256 private constant _BITMASK_ADDRESS = (1 << 160) - 1;

    // The maximum `quantity` that can be minted with {_mintERC2309}.
    // This limit is to prevent overflows on the address data entries.
    // For a limit of 5000, a total of 3.689e15 calls to {_mintERC2309}
    // is required to cause an overflow, which is unrealistic.
    uint256 private constant _MAX_MINT_ERC2309_QUANTITY_LIMIT = 5000;

    // The `Transfer` event signature is given by:
    // `keccak256(bytes("Transfer(address,address,uint256)"))`.
    bytes32 private constant _TRANSFER_EVENT_SIGNATURE =
        0xddf252ad1be2c89b69c2b068fc378daa952ba7f163c4a11628f55a4df523b3ef;

    // =============================================================
    //                          CONSTRUCTOR
    // =============================================================

    function __ERC721A_init(string memory name_, string memory symbol_) internal onlyInitializingERC721A {
        __ERC721A_init_unchained(name_, symbol_);
    }

    function __ERC721A_init_unchained(string memory name_, string memory symbol_) internal onlyInitializingERC721A {
        ERC721AStorage.layout()._name = name_;
        ERC721AStorage.layout()._symbol = symbol_;
        ERC721AStorage.layout()._currentIndex = _startTokenId();
    }

    // =============================================================
    //                   TOKEN COUNTING OPERATIONS
    // =============================================================

    /**
     * @dev Returns the starting token ID.
     * To change the starting token ID, please override this function.
     */
    function _startTokenId() internal view virtual returns (uint256) {
        return 0;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the next token ID to be minted.
     */
    function _nextTokenId() internal view virtual returns (uint256) {
        return ERC721AStorage.layout()._currentIndex;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the total number of tokens in existence.
     * Burned tokens will reduce the count.
     * To get the total number of tokens minted, please see {_totalMinted}.
     */
    function totalSupply() public view virtual override returns (uint256) {
        // Counter underflow is impossible as _burnCounter cannot be incremented
        // more than `_currentIndex - _startTokenId()` times.
        unchecked {
            return ERC721AStorage.layout()._currentIndex - ERC721AStorage.layout()._burnCounter - _startTokenId();
        }
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the total amount of tokens minted in the contract.
     */
    function _totalMinted() internal view virtual returns (uint256) {
        // Counter underflow is impossible as `_currentIndex` does not decrement,
        // and it is initialized to `_startTokenId()`.
        unchecked {
            return ERC721AStorage.layout()._currentIndex - _startTokenId();
        }
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the total number of tokens burned.
     */
    function _totalBurned() internal view virtual returns (uint256) {
        return ERC721AStorage.layout()._burnCounter;
    }

    // =============================================================
    //                    ADDRESS DATA OPERATIONS
    // =============================================================

    /**
     * @dev Returns the number of tokens in `owner`'s account.
     */
    function balanceOf(address owner) public view virtual override returns (uint256) {
        if (owner == address(0)) revert BalanceQueryForZeroAddress();
        return ERC721AStorage.layout()._packedAddressData[owner] & _BITMASK_ADDRESS_DATA_ENTRY;
    }

    /**
     * Returns the number of tokens minted by `owner`.
     */
    function _numberMinted(address owner) internal view returns (uint256) {
        return
            (ERC721AStorage.layout()._packedAddressData[owner] >> _BITPOS_NUMBER_MINTED) & _BITMASK_ADDRESS_DATA_ENTRY;
    }

    /**
     * Returns the number of tokens burned by or on behalf of `owner`.
     */
    function _numberBurned(address owner) internal view returns (uint256) {
        return
            (ERC721AStorage.layout()._packedAddressData[owner] >> _BITPOS_NUMBER_BURNED) & _BITMASK_ADDRESS_DATA_ENTRY;
    }

    /**
     * Returns the auxiliary data for `owner`. (e.g. number of whitelist mint slots used).
     */
    function _getAux(address owner) internal view returns (uint64) {
        return uint64(ERC721AStorage.layout()._packedAddressData[owner] >> _BITPOS_AUX);
    }

    /**
     * Sets the auxiliary data for `owner`. (e.g. number of whitelist mint slots used).
     * If there are multiple variables, please pack them into a uint64.
     */
    function _setAux(address owner, uint64 aux) internal virtual {
        uint256 packed = ERC721AStorage.layout()._packedAddressData[owner];
        uint256 auxCasted;
        // Cast `aux` with assembly to avoid redundant masking.
        assembly {
            auxCasted := aux
        }
        packed = (packed & _BITMASK_AUX_COMPLEMENT) | (auxCasted << _BITPOS_AUX);
        ERC721AStorage.layout()._packedAddressData[owner] = packed;
    }

    // =============================================================
    //                            IERC165
    // =============================================================

    /**
     * @dev Returns true if this contract implements the interface defined by
     * `interfaceId`. See the corresponding
     * [EIP section](https://eips.ethereum.org/EIPS/eip-165#how-interfaces-are-identified)
     * to learn more about how these ids are created.
     *
     * This function call must use less than 30000 gas.
     */
    function supportsInterface(bytes4 interfaceId) public view virtual override returns (bool) {
        // The interface IDs are constants representing the first 4 bytes
        // of the XOR of all function selectors in the interface.
        // See: [ERC165](https://eips.ethereum.org/EIPS/eip-165)
        // (e.g. `bytes4(i.functionA.selector ^ i.functionB.selector ^ ...)`)
        return
            interfaceId == 0x01ffc9a7 || // ERC165 interface ID for ERC165.
            interfaceId == 0x80ac58cd || // ERC165 interface ID for ERC721.
            interfaceId == 0x5b5e139f; // ERC165 interface ID for ERC721Metadata.
    }

    // =============================================================
    //                        IERC721Metadata
    // =============================================================

    /**
     * @dev Returns the token collection name.
     */
    function name() public view virtual override returns (string memory) {
        return ERC721AStorage.layout()._name;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the token collection symbol.
     */
    function symbol() public view virtual override returns (string memory) {
        return ERC721AStorage.layout()._symbol;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) for `tokenId` token.
     */
    function tokenURI(uint256 tokenId) public view virtual override returns (string memory) {
        if (!_exists(tokenId)) revert URIQueryForNonexistentToken();

        string memory baseURI = _baseURI();
        return bytes(baseURI).length != 0 ? string(abi.encodePacked(baseURI, _toString(tokenId))) : '';
    }

    /**
     * @dev Base URI for computing {tokenURI}. If set, the resulting URI for each
     * token will be the concatenation of the `baseURI` and the `tokenId`. Empty
     * by default, it can be overridden in child contracts.
     */
    function _baseURI() internal view virtual returns (string memory) {
        return '';
    }

    // =============================================================
    //                     OWNERSHIPS OPERATIONS
    // =============================================================

    /**
     * @dev Returns the owner of the `tokenId` token.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - `tokenId` must exist.
     */
    function ownerOf(uint256 tokenId) public view virtual override returns (address) {
        return address(uint160(_packedOwnershipOf(tokenId)));
    }

    /**
     * @dev Gas spent here starts off proportional to the maximum mint batch size.
     * It gradually moves to O(1) as tokens get transferred around over time.
     */
    function _ownershipOf(uint256 tokenId) internal view virtual returns (TokenOwnership memory) {
        return _unpackedOwnership(_packedOwnershipOf(tokenId));
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the unpacked `TokenOwnership` struct at `index`.
     */
    function _ownershipAt(uint256 index) internal view virtual returns (TokenOwnership memory) {
        return _unpackedOwnership(ERC721AStorage.layout()._packedOwnerships[index]);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Initializes the ownership slot minted at `index` for efficiency purposes.
     */
    function _initializeOwnershipAt(uint256 index) internal virtual {
        if (ERC721AStorage.layout()._packedOwnerships[index] == 0) {
            ERC721AStorage.layout()._packedOwnerships[index] = _packedOwnershipOf(index);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Returns the packed ownership data of `tokenId`.
     */
    function _packedOwnershipOf(uint256 tokenId) private view returns (uint256) {
        uint256 curr = tokenId;

        unchecked {
            if (_startTokenId() <= curr)
                if (curr < ERC721AStorage.layout()._currentIndex) {
                    uint256 packed = ERC721AStorage.layout()._packedOwnerships[curr];
                    // If not burned.
                    if (packed & _BITMASK_BURNED == 0) {
                        // Invariant:
                        // There will always be an initialized ownership slot
                        // (i.e. `ownership.addr != address(0) && ownership.burned == false`)
                        // before an unintialized ownership slot
                        // (i.e. `ownership.addr == address(0) && ownership.burned == false`)
                        // Hence, `curr` will not underflow.
                        //
                        // We can directly compare the packed value.
                        // If the address is zero, packed will be zero.
                        while (packed == 0) {
                            packed = ERC721AStorage.layout()._packedOwnerships[--curr];
                        }
                        return packed;
                    }
                }
        }
        revert OwnerQueryForNonexistentToken();
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the unpacked `TokenOwnership` struct from `packed`.
     */
    function _unpackedOwnership(uint256 packed) private pure returns (TokenOwnership memory ownership) {
        ownership.addr = address(uint160(packed));
        ownership.startTimestamp = uint64(packed >> _BITPOS_START_TIMESTAMP);
        ownership.burned = packed & _BITMASK_BURNED != 0;
        ownership.extraData = uint24(packed >> _BITPOS_EXTRA_DATA);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Packs ownership data into a single uint256.
     */
    function _packOwnershipData(address owner, uint256 flags) private view returns (uint256 result) {
        assembly {
            // Mask `owner` to the lower 160 bits, in case the upper bits somehow aren't clean.
            owner := and(owner, _BITMASK_ADDRESS)
            // `owner | (block.timestamp << _BITPOS_START_TIMESTAMP) | flags`.
            result := or(owner, or(shl(_BITPOS_START_TIMESTAMP, timestamp()), flags))
        }
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the `nextInitialized` flag set if `quantity` equals 1.
     */
    function _nextInitializedFlag(uint256 quantity) private pure returns (uint256 result) {
        // For branchless setting of the `nextInitialized` flag.
        assembly {
            // `(quantity == 1) << _BITPOS_NEXT_INITIALIZED`.
            result := shl(_BITPOS_NEXT_INITIALIZED, eq(quantity, 1))
        }
    }

    // =============================================================
    //                      APPROVAL OPERATIONS
    // =============================================================

    /**
     * @dev Gives permission to `to` to transfer `tokenId` token to another account.
     * The approval is cleared when the token is transferred.
     *
     * Only a single account can be approved at a time, so approving the
     * zero address clears previous approvals.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - The caller must own the token or be an approved operator.
     * - `tokenId` must exist.
     *
     * Emits an {Approval} event.
     */
    function approve(address to, uint256 tokenId) public virtual override {
        address owner = ownerOf(tokenId);

        if (_msgSenderERC721A() != owner)
            if (!isApprovedForAll(owner, _msgSenderERC721A())) {
                revert ApprovalCallerNotOwnerNorApproved();
            }

        ERC721AStorage.layout()._tokenApprovals[tokenId].value = to;
        emit Approval(owner, to, tokenId);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the account approved for `tokenId` token.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - `tokenId` must exist.
     */
    function getApproved(uint256 tokenId) public view virtual override returns (address) {
        if (!_exists(tokenId)) revert ApprovalQueryForNonexistentToken();

        return ERC721AStorage.layout()._tokenApprovals[tokenId].value;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Approve or remove `operator` as an operator for the caller.
     * Operators can call {transferFrom} or {safeTransferFrom}
     * for any token owned by the caller.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - The `operator` cannot be the caller.
     *
     * Emits an {ApprovalForAll} event.
     */
    function setApprovalForAll(address operator, bool approved) public virtual override {
        if (operator == _msgSenderERC721A()) revert ApproveToCaller();

        ERC721AStorage.layout()._operatorApprovals[_msgSenderERC721A()][operator] = approved;
        emit ApprovalForAll(_msgSenderERC721A(), operator, approved);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns if the `operator` is allowed to manage all of the assets of `owner`.
     *
     * See {setApprovalForAll}.
     */
    function isApprovedForAll(address owner, address operator) public view virtual override returns (bool) {
        return ERC721AStorage.layout()._operatorApprovals[owner][operator];
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns whether `tokenId` exists.
     *
     * Tokens can be managed by their owner or approved accounts via {approve} or {setApprovalForAll}.
     *
     * Tokens start existing when they are minted. See {_mint}.
     */
    function _exists(uint256 tokenId) internal view virtual returns (bool) {
        return
            _startTokenId() <= tokenId &&
            tokenId < ERC721AStorage.layout()._currentIndex && // If within bounds,
            ERC721AStorage.layout()._packedOwnerships[tokenId] & _BITMASK_BURNED == 0; // and not burned.
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns whether `msgSender` is equal to `approvedAddress` or `owner`.
     */
    function _isSenderApprovedOrOwner(
        address approvedAddress,
        address owner,
        address msgSender
    ) private pure returns (bool result) {
        assembly {
            // Mask `owner` to the lower 160 bits, in case the upper bits somehow aren't clean.
            owner := and(owner, _BITMASK_ADDRESS)
            // Mask `msgSender` to the lower 160 bits, in case the upper bits somehow aren't clean.
            msgSender := and(msgSender, _BITMASK_ADDRESS)
            // `msgSender == owner || msgSender == approvedAddress`.
            result := or(eq(msgSender, owner), eq(msgSender, approvedAddress))
        }
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the storage slot and value for the approved address of `tokenId`.
     */
    function _getApprovedSlotAndAddress(uint256 tokenId)
        private
        view
        returns (uint256 approvedAddressSlot, address approvedAddress)
    {
        ERC721AStorage.TokenApprovalRef storage tokenApproval = ERC721AStorage.layout()._tokenApprovals[tokenId];
        // The following is equivalent to `approvedAddress = _tokenApprovals[tokenId].value`.
        assembly {
            approvedAddressSlot := tokenApproval.slot
            approvedAddress := sload(approvedAddressSlot)
        }
    }

    // =============================================================
    //                      TRANSFER OPERATIONS
    // =============================================================

    /**
     * @dev Transfers `tokenId` from `from` to `to`.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - `from` cannot be the zero address.
     * - `to` cannot be the zero address.
     * - `tokenId` token must be owned by `from`.
     * - If the caller is not `from`, it must be approved to move this token
     * by either {approve} or {setApprovalForAll}.
     *
     * Emits a {Transfer} event.
     */
    function transferFrom(
        address from,
        address to,
        uint256 tokenId
    ) public virtual override {
        uint256 prevOwnershipPacked = _packedOwnershipOf(tokenId);

        if (address(uint160(prevOwnershipPacked)) != from) revert TransferFromIncorrectOwner();

        (uint256 approvedAddressSlot, address approvedAddress) = _getApprovedSlotAndAddress(tokenId);

        // The nested ifs save around 20+ gas over a compound boolean condition.
        if (!_isSenderApprovedOrOwner(approvedAddress, from, _msgSenderERC721A()))
            if (!isApprovedForAll(from, _msgSenderERC721A())) revert TransferCallerNotOwnerNorApproved();

        if (to == address(0)) revert TransferToZeroAddress();

        _beforeTokenTransfers(from, to, tokenId, 1);

        // Clear approvals from the previous owner.
        assembly {
            if approvedAddress {
                // This is equivalent to `delete _tokenApprovals[tokenId]`.
                sstore(approvedAddressSlot, 0)
            }
        }

        // Underflow of the sender's balance is impossible because we check for
        // ownership above and the recipient's balance can't realistically overflow.
        // Counter overflow is incredibly unrealistic as `tokenId` would have to be 2**256.
        unchecked {
            // We can directly increment and decrement the balances.
            --ERC721AStorage.layout()._packedAddressData[from]; // Updates: `balance -= 1`.
            ++ERC721AStorage.layout()._packedAddressData[to]; // Updates: `balance += 1`.

            // Updates:
            // - `address` to the next owner.
            // - `startTimestamp` to the timestamp of transfering.
            // - `burned` to `false`.
            // - `nextInitialized` to `true`.
            ERC721AStorage.layout()._packedOwnerships[tokenId] = _packOwnershipData(
                to,
                _BITMASK_NEXT_INITIALIZED | _nextExtraData(from, to, prevOwnershipPacked)
            );

            // If the next slot may not have been initialized (i.e. `nextInitialized == false`) .
            if (prevOwnershipPacked & _BITMASK_NEXT_INITIALIZED == 0) {
                uint256 nextTokenId = tokenId + 1;
                // If the next slot's address is zero and not burned (i.e. packed value is zero).
                if (ERC721AStorage.layout()._packedOwnerships[nextTokenId] == 0) {
                    // If the next slot is within bounds.
                    if (nextTokenId != ERC721AStorage.layout()._currentIndex) {
                        // Initialize the next slot to maintain correctness for `ownerOf(tokenId + 1)`.
                        ERC721AStorage.layout()._packedOwnerships[nextTokenId] = prevOwnershipPacked;
                    }
                }
            }
        }

        emit Transfer(from, to, tokenId);
        _afterTokenTransfers(from, to, tokenId, 1);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Equivalent to `safeTransferFrom(from, to, tokenId, '')`.
     */
    function safeTransferFrom(
        address from,
        address to,
        uint256 tokenId
    ) public virtual override {
        safeTransferFrom(from, to, tokenId, '');
    }

    /**
     * @dev Safely transfers `tokenId` token from `from` to `to`.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - `from` cannot be the zero address.
     * - `to` cannot be the zero address.
     * - `tokenId` token must exist and be owned by `from`.
     * - If the caller is not `from`, it must be approved to move this token
     * by either {approve} or {setApprovalForAll}.
     * - If `to` refers to a smart contract, it must implement
     * {IERC721Receiver-onERC721Received}, which is called upon a safe transfer.
     *
     * Emits a {Transfer} event.
     */
    function safeTransferFrom(
        address from,
        address to,
        uint256 tokenId,
        bytes memory _data
    ) public virtual override {
        transferFrom(from, to, tokenId);
        if (to.code.length != 0)
            if (!_checkContractOnERC721Received(from, to, tokenId, _data)) {
                revert TransferToNonERC721ReceiverImplementer();
            }
    }

    /**
     * @dev Hook that is called before a set of serially-ordered token IDs
     * are about to be transferred. This includes minting.
     * And also called before burning one token.
     *
     * `startTokenId` - the first token ID to be transferred.
     * `quantity` - the amount to be transferred.
     *
     * Calling conditions:
     *
     * - When `from` and `to` are both non-zero, `from`'s `tokenId` will be
     * transferred to `to`.
     * - When `from` is zero, `tokenId` will be minted for `to`.
     * - When `to` is zero, `tokenId` will be burned by `from`.
     * - `from` and `to` are never both zero.
     */
    function _beforeTokenTransfers(
        address from,
        address to,
        uint256 startTokenId,
        uint256 quantity
    ) internal virtual {}

    /**
     * @dev Hook that is called after a set of serially-ordered token IDs
     * have been transferred. This includes minting.
     * And also called after one token has been burned.
     *
     * `startTokenId` - the first token ID to be transferred.
     * `quantity` - the amount to be transferred.
     *
     * Calling conditions:
     *
     * - When `from` and `to` are both non-zero, `from`'s `tokenId` has been
     * transferred to `to`.
     * - When `from` is zero, `tokenId` has been minted for `to`.
     * - When `to` is zero, `tokenId` has been burned by `from`.
     * - `from` and `to` are never both zero.
     */
    function _afterTokenTransfers(
        address from,
        address to,
        uint256 startTokenId,
        uint256 quantity
    ) internal virtual {}

    /**
     * @dev Private function to invoke {IERC721Receiver-onERC721Received} on a target contract.
     *
     * `from` - Previous owner of the given token ID.
     * `to` - Target address that will receive the token.
     * `tokenId` - Token ID to be transferred.
     * `_data` - Optional data to send along with the call.
     *
     * Returns whether the call correctly returned the expected magic value.
     */
    function _checkContractOnERC721Received(
        address from,
        address to,
        uint256 tokenId,
        bytes memory _data
    ) private returns (bool) {
        try
            ERC721A__IERC721ReceiverUpgradeable(to).onERC721Received(_msgSenderERC721A(), from, tokenId, _data)
        returns (bytes4 retval) {
            return retval == ERC721A__IERC721ReceiverUpgradeable(to).onERC721Received.selector;
        } catch (bytes memory reason) {
            if (reason.length == 0) {
                revert TransferToNonERC721ReceiverImplementer();
            } else {
                assembly {
                    revert(add(32, reason), mload(reason))
                }
            }
        }
    }

    // =============================================================
    //                        MINT OPERATIONS
    // =============================================================

    /**
     * @dev Mints `quantity` tokens and transfers them to `to`.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - `to` cannot be the zero address.
     * - `quantity` must be greater than 0.
     *
     * Emits a {Transfer} event for each mint.
     */
    function _mint(address to, uint256 quantity) internal virtual {
        uint256 startTokenId = ERC721AStorage.layout()._currentIndex;
        if (quantity == 0) revert MintZeroQuantity();

        _beforeTokenTransfers(address(0), to, startTokenId, quantity);

        // Overflows are incredibly unrealistic.
        // `balance` and `numberMinted` have a maximum limit of 2**64.
        // `tokenId` has a maximum limit of 2**256.
        unchecked {
            // Updates:
            // - `balance += quantity`.
            // - `numberMinted += quantity`.
            //
            // We can directly add to the `balance` and `numberMinted`.
            ERC721AStorage.layout()._packedAddressData[to] += quantity * ((1 << _BITPOS_NUMBER_MINTED) | 1);

            // Updates:
            // - `address` to the owner.
            // - `startTimestamp` to the timestamp of minting.
            // - `burned` to `false`.
            // - `nextInitialized` to `quantity == 1`.
            ERC721AStorage.layout()._packedOwnerships[startTokenId] = _packOwnershipData(
                to,
                _nextInitializedFlag(quantity) | _nextExtraData(address(0), to, 0)
            );

            uint256 toMasked;
            uint256 end = startTokenId + quantity;

            // Use assembly to loop and emit the `Transfer` event for gas savings.
            // The duplicated `log4` removes an extra check and reduces stack juggling.
            // The assembly, together with the surrounding Solidity code, have been
            // delicately arranged to nudge the compiler into producing optimized opcodes.
            assembly {
                // Mask `to` to the lower 160 bits, in case the upper bits somehow aren't clean.
                toMasked := and(to, _BITMASK_ADDRESS)
                // Emit the `Transfer` event.
                log4(
                    0, // Start of data (0, since no data).
                    0, // End of data (0, since no data).
                    _TRANSFER_EVENT_SIGNATURE, // Signature.
                    0, // `address(0)`.
                    toMasked, // `to`.
                    startTokenId // `tokenId`.
                )

                for {
                    let tokenId := add(startTokenId, 1)
                } iszero(eq(tokenId, end)) {
                    tokenId := add(tokenId, 1)
                } {
                    // Emit the `Transfer` event. Similar to above.
                    log4(0, 0, _TRANSFER_EVENT_SIGNATURE, 0, toMasked, tokenId)
                }
            }
            if (toMasked == 0) revert MintToZeroAddress();

            ERC721AStorage.layout()._currentIndex = end;
        }
        _afterTokenTransfers(address(0), to, startTokenId, quantity);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Mints `quantity` tokens and transfers them to `to`.
     *
     * This function is intended for efficient minting only during contract creation.
     *
     * It emits only one {ConsecutiveTransfer} as defined in
     * [ERC2309](https://eips.ethereum.org/EIPS/eip-2309),
     * instead of a sequence of {Transfer} event(s).
     *
     * Calling this function outside of contract creation WILL make your contract
     * non-compliant with the ERC721 standard.
     * For full ERC721 compliance, substituting ERC721 {Transfer} event(s) with the ERC2309
     * {ConsecutiveTransfer} event is only permissible during contract creation.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - `to` cannot be the zero address.
     * - `quantity` must be greater than 0.
     *
     * Emits a {ConsecutiveTransfer} event.
     */
    function _mintERC2309(address to, uint256 quantity) internal virtual {
        uint256 startTokenId = ERC721AStorage.layout()._currentIndex;
        if (to == address(0)) revert MintToZeroAddress();
        if (quantity == 0) revert MintZeroQuantity();
        if (quantity > _MAX_MINT_ERC2309_QUANTITY_LIMIT) revert MintERC2309QuantityExceedsLimit();

        _beforeTokenTransfers(address(0), to, startTokenId, quantity);

        // Overflows are unrealistic due to the above check for `quantity` to be below the limit.
        unchecked {
            // Updates:
            // - `balance += quantity`.
            // - `numberMinted += quantity`.
            //
            // We can directly add to the `balance` and `numberMinted`.
            ERC721AStorage.layout()._packedAddressData[to] += quantity * ((1 << _BITPOS_NUMBER_MINTED) | 1);

            // Updates:
            // - `address` to the owner.
            // - `startTimestamp` to the timestamp of minting.
            // - `burned` to `false`.
            // - `nextInitialized` to `quantity == 1`.
            ERC721AStorage.layout()._packedOwnerships[startTokenId] = _packOwnershipData(
                to,
                _nextInitializedFlag(quantity) | _nextExtraData(address(0), to, 0)
            );

            emit ConsecutiveTransfer(startTokenId, startTokenId + quantity - 1, address(0), to);

            ERC721AStorage.layout()._currentIndex = startTokenId + quantity;
        }
        _afterTokenTransfers(address(0), to, startTokenId, quantity);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Safely mints `quantity` tokens and transfers them to `to`.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - If `to` refers to a smart contract, it must implement
     * {IERC721Receiver-onERC721Received}, which is called for each safe transfer.
     * - `quantity` must be greater than 0.
     *
     * See {_mint}.
     *
     * Emits a {Transfer} event for each mint.
     */
    function _safeMint(
        address to,
        uint256 quantity,
        bytes memory _data
    ) internal virtual {
        _mint(to, quantity);

        unchecked {
            if (to.code.length != 0) {
                uint256 end = ERC721AStorage.layout()._currentIndex;
                uint256 index = end - quantity;
                do {
                    if (!_checkContractOnERC721Received(address(0), to, index++, _data)) {
                        revert TransferToNonERC721ReceiverImplementer();
                    }
                } while (index < end);
                // Reentrancy protection.
                if (ERC721AStorage.layout()._currentIndex != end) revert();
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * @dev Equivalent to `_safeMint(to, quantity, '')`.
     */
    function _safeMint(address to, uint256 quantity) internal virtual {
        _safeMint(to, quantity, '');
    }

    // =============================================================
    //                        BURN OPERATIONS
    // =============================================================

    /**
     * @dev Equivalent to `_burn(tokenId, false)`.
     */
    function _burn(uint256 tokenId) internal virtual {
        _burn(tokenId, false);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Destroys `tokenId`.
     * The approval is cleared when the token is burned.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - `tokenId` must exist.
     *
     * Emits a {Transfer} event.
     */
    function _burn(uint256 tokenId, bool approvalCheck) internal virtual {
        uint256 prevOwnershipPacked = _packedOwnershipOf(tokenId);

        address from = address(uint160(prevOwnershipPacked));

        (uint256 approvedAddressSlot, address approvedAddress) = _getApprovedSlotAndAddress(tokenId);

        if (approvalCheck) {
            // The nested ifs save around 20+ gas over a compound boolean condition.
            if (!_isSenderApprovedOrOwner(approvedAddress, from, _msgSenderERC721A()))
                if (!isApprovedForAll(from, _msgSenderERC721A())) revert TransferCallerNotOwnerNorApproved();
        }

        _beforeTokenTransfers(from, address(0), tokenId, 1);

        // Clear approvals from the previous owner.
        assembly {
            if approvedAddress {
                // This is equivalent to `delete _tokenApprovals[tokenId]`.
                sstore(approvedAddressSlot, 0)
            }
        }

        // Underflow of the sender's balance is impossible because we check for
        // ownership above and the recipient's balance can't realistically overflow.
        // Counter overflow is incredibly unrealistic as `tokenId` would have to be 2**256.
        unchecked {
            // Updates:
            // - `balance -= 1`.
            // - `numberBurned += 1`.
            //
            // We can directly decrement the balance, and increment the number burned.
            // This is equivalent to `packed -= 1; packed += 1 << _BITPOS_NUMBER_BURNED;`.
            ERC721AStorage.layout()._packedAddressData[from] += (1 << _BITPOS_NUMBER_BURNED) - 1;

            // Updates:
            // - `address` to the last owner.
            // - `startTimestamp` to the timestamp of burning.
            // - `burned` to `true`.
            // - `nextInitialized` to `true`.
            ERC721AStorage.layout()._packedOwnerships[tokenId] = _packOwnershipData(
                from,
                (_BITMASK_BURNED | _BITMASK_NEXT_INITIALIZED) | _nextExtraData(from, address(0), prevOwnershipPacked)
            );

            // If the next slot may not have been initialized (i.e. `nextInitialized == false`) .
            if (prevOwnershipPacked & _BITMASK_NEXT_INITIALIZED == 0) {
                uint256 nextTokenId = tokenId + 1;
                // If the next slot's address is zero and not burned (i.e. packed value is zero).
                if (ERC721AStorage.layout()._packedOwnerships[nextTokenId] == 0) {
                    // If the next slot is within bounds.
                    if (nextTokenId != ERC721AStorage.layout()._currentIndex) {
                        // Initialize the next slot to maintain correctness for `ownerOf(tokenId + 1)`.
                        ERC721AStorage.layout()._packedOwnerships[nextTokenId] = prevOwnershipPacked;
                    }
                }
            }
        }

        emit Transfer(from, address(0), tokenId);
        _afterTokenTransfers(from, address(0), tokenId, 1);

        // Overflow not possible, as _burnCounter cannot be exceed _currentIndex times.
        unchecked {
            ERC721AStorage.layout()._burnCounter++;
        }
    }

    // =============================================================
    //                     EXTRA DATA OPERATIONS
    // =============================================================

    /**
     * @dev Directly sets the extra data for the ownership data `index`.
     */
    function _setExtraDataAt(uint256 index, uint24 extraData) internal virtual {
        uint256 packed = ERC721AStorage.layout()._packedOwnerships[index];
        if (packed == 0) revert OwnershipNotInitializedForExtraData();
        uint256 extraDataCasted;
        // Cast `extraData` with assembly to avoid redundant masking.
        assembly {
            extraDataCasted := extraData
        }
        packed = (packed & _BITMASK_EXTRA_DATA_COMPLEMENT) | (extraDataCasted << _BITPOS_EXTRA_DATA);
        ERC721AStorage.layout()._packedOwnerships[index] = packed;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Called during each token transfer to set the 24bit `extraData` field.
     * Intended to be overridden by the cosumer contract.
     *
     * `previousExtraData` - the value of `extraData` before transfer.
     *
     * Calling conditions:
     *
     * - When `from` and `to` are both non-zero, `from`'s `tokenId` will be
     * transferred to `to`.
     * - When `from` is zero, `tokenId` will be minted for `to`.
     * - When `to` is zero, `tokenId` will be burned by `from`.
     * - `from` and `to` are never both zero.
     */
    function _extraData(
        address from,
        address to,
        uint24 previousExtraData
    ) internal view virtual returns (uint24) {}

    /**
     * @dev Returns the next extra data for the packed ownership data.
     * The returned result is shifted into position.
     */
    function _nextExtraData(
        address from,
        address to,
        uint256 prevOwnershipPacked
    ) private view returns (uint256) {
        uint24 extraData = uint24(prevOwnershipPacked >> _BITPOS_EXTRA_DATA);
        return uint256(_extraData(from, to, extraData)) << _BITPOS_EXTRA_DATA;
    }

    // =============================================================
    //                       OTHER OPERATIONS
    // =============================================================

    /**
     * @dev Returns the message sender (defaults to `msg.sender`).
     *
     * If you are writing GSN compatible contracts, you need to override this function.
     */
    function _msgSenderERC721A() internal view virtual returns (address) {
        return msg.sender;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Converts a uint256 to its ASCII string decimal representation.
     */
    function _toString(uint256 value) internal pure virtual returns (string memory str) {
        assembly {
            // The maximum value of a uint256 contains 78 digits (1 byte per digit),
            // but we allocate 0x80 bytes to keep the free memory pointer 32-byte word aligned.
            // We will need 1 32-byte word to store the length,
            // and 3 32-byte words to store a maximum of 78 digits. Total: 0x20 + 3 * 0x20 = 0x80.
            str := add(mload(0x40), 0x80)
            // Update the free memory pointer to allocate.
            mstore(0x40, str)

            // Cache the end of the memory to calculate the length later.
            let end := str

            // We write the string from rightmost digit to leftmost digit.
            // The following is essentially a do-while loop that also handles the zero case.
            // prettier-ignore
            for { let temp := value } 1 {} {
                str := sub(str, 1)
                // Write the character to the pointer.
                // The ASCII index of the '0' character is 48.
                mstore8(str, add(48, mod(temp, 10)))
                // Keep dividing `temp` until zero.
                temp := div(temp, 10)
                // prettier-ignore
                if iszero(temp) { break }
            }

            let length := sub(end, str)
            // Move the pointer 32 bytes leftwards to make room for the length.
            str := sub(str, 0x20)
            // Store the length.
            mstore(str, length)
        }
    }
}

File 4 of 21 : ERC721AQueryableUpgradeable.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
// ERC721A Contracts v4.2.2
// Creator: Chiru Labs

pragma solidity ^0.8.4;

import './IERC721AQueryableUpgradeable.sol';
import '../ERC721AUpgradeable.sol';
import '../ERC721A__Initializable.sol';

/**
 * @title ERC721AQueryable.
 *
 * @dev ERC721A subclass with convenience query functions.
 */
abstract contract ERC721AQueryableUpgradeable is
    ERC721A__Initializable,
    ERC721AUpgradeable,
    IERC721AQueryableUpgradeable
{
    function __ERC721AQueryable_init() internal onlyInitializingERC721A {
        __ERC721AQueryable_init_unchained();
    }

    function __ERC721AQueryable_init_unchained() internal onlyInitializingERC721A {}

    /**
     * @dev Returns the `TokenOwnership` struct at `tokenId` without reverting.
     *
     * If the `tokenId` is out of bounds:
     *
     * - `addr = address(0)`
     * - `startTimestamp = 0`
     * - `burned = false`
     * - `extraData = 0`
     *
     * If the `tokenId` is burned:
     *
     * - `addr = <Address of owner before token was burned>`
     * - `startTimestamp = <Timestamp when token was burned>`
     * - `burned = true`
     * - `extraData = <Extra data when token was burned>`
     *
     * Otherwise:
     *
     * - `addr = <Address of owner>`
     * - `startTimestamp = <Timestamp of start of ownership>`
     * - `burned = false`
     * - `extraData = <Extra data at start of ownership>`
     */
    function explicitOwnershipOf(uint256 tokenId) public view virtual override returns (TokenOwnership memory) {
        TokenOwnership memory ownership;
        if (tokenId < _startTokenId() || tokenId >= _nextTokenId()) {
            return ownership;
        }
        ownership = _ownershipAt(tokenId);
        if (ownership.burned) {
            return ownership;
        }
        return _ownershipOf(tokenId);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns an array of `TokenOwnership` structs at `tokenIds` in order.
     * See {ERC721AQueryable-explicitOwnershipOf}
     */
    function explicitOwnershipsOf(uint256[] calldata tokenIds)
        external
        view
        virtual
        override
        returns (TokenOwnership[] memory)
    {
        unchecked {
            uint256 tokenIdsLength = tokenIds.length;
            TokenOwnership[] memory ownerships = new TokenOwnership[](tokenIdsLength);
            for (uint256 i; i != tokenIdsLength; ++i) {
                ownerships[i] = explicitOwnershipOf(tokenIds[i]);
            }
            return ownerships;
        }
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns an array of token IDs owned by `owner`,
     * in the range [`start`, `stop`)
     * (i.e. `start <= tokenId < stop`).
     *
     * This function allows for tokens to be queried if the collection
     * grows too big for a single call of {ERC721AQueryable-tokensOfOwner}.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - `start < stop`
     */
    function tokensOfOwnerIn(
        address owner,
        uint256 start,
        uint256 stop
    ) external view virtual override returns (uint256[] memory) {
        unchecked {
            if (start >= stop) revert InvalidQueryRange();
            uint256 tokenIdsIdx;
            uint256 stopLimit = _nextTokenId();
            // Set `start = max(start, _startTokenId())`.
            if (start < _startTokenId()) {
                start = _startTokenId();
            }
            // Set `stop = min(stop, stopLimit)`.
            if (stop > stopLimit) {
                stop = stopLimit;
            }
            uint256 tokenIdsMaxLength = balanceOf(owner);
            // Set `tokenIdsMaxLength = min(balanceOf(owner), stop - start)`,
            // to cater for cases where `balanceOf(owner)` is too big.
            if (start < stop) {
                uint256 rangeLength = stop - start;
                if (rangeLength < tokenIdsMaxLength) {
                    tokenIdsMaxLength = rangeLength;
                }
            } else {
                tokenIdsMaxLength = 0;
            }
            uint256[] memory tokenIds = new uint256[](tokenIdsMaxLength);
            if (tokenIdsMaxLength == 0) {
                return tokenIds;
            }
            // We need to call `explicitOwnershipOf(start)`,
            // because the slot at `start` may not be initialized.
            TokenOwnership memory ownership = explicitOwnershipOf(start);
            address currOwnershipAddr;
            // If the starting slot exists (i.e. not burned), initialize `currOwnershipAddr`.
            // `ownership.address` will not be zero, as `start` is clamped to the valid token ID range.
            if (!ownership.burned) {
                currOwnershipAddr = ownership.addr;
            }
            for (uint256 i = start; i != stop && tokenIdsIdx != tokenIdsMaxLength; ++i) {
                ownership = _ownershipAt(i);
                if (ownership.burned) {
                    continue;
                }
                if (ownership.addr != address(0)) {
                    currOwnershipAddr = ownership.addr;
                }
                if (currOwnershipAddr == owner) {
                    tokenIds[tokenIdsIdx++] = i;
                }
            }
            // Downsize the array to fit.
            assembly {
                mstore(tokenIds, tokenIdsIdx)
            }
            return tokenIds;
        }
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns an array of token IDs owned by `owner`.
     *
     * This function scans the ownership mapping and is O(`totalSupply`) in complexity.
     * It is meant to be called off-chain.
     *
     * See {ERC721AQueryable-tokensOfOwnerIn} for splitting the scan into
     * multiple smaller scans if the collection is large enough to cause
     * an out-of-gas error (10K collections should be fine).
     */
    function tokensOfOwner(address owner) external view virtual override returns (uint256[] memory) {
        unchecked {
            uint256 tokenIdsIdx;
            address currOwnershipAddr;
            uint256 tokenIdsLength = balanceOf(owner);
            uint256[] memory tokenIds = new uint256[](tokenIdsLength);
            TokenOwnership memory ownership;
            for (uint256 i = _startTokenId(); tokenIdsIdx != tokenIdsLength; ++i) {
                ownership = _ownershipAt(i);
                if (ownership.burned) {
                    continue;
                }
                if (ownership.addr != address(0)) {
                    currOwnershipAddr = ownership.addr;
                }
                if (currOwnershipAddr == owner) {
                    tokenIds[tokenIdsIdx++] = i;
                }
            }
            return tokenIds;
        }
    }
}

File 5 of 21 : SafeMathUpgradeable.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
// OpenZeppelin Contracts (last updated v4.6.0) (utils/math/SafeMath.sol)

pragma solidity ^0.8.0;

// CAUTION
// This version of SafeMath should only be used with Solidity 0.8 or later,
// because it relies on the compiler's built in overflow checks.

/**
 * @dev Wrappers over Solidity's arithmetic operations.
 *
 * NOTE: `SafeMath` is generally not needed starting with Solidity 0.8, since the compiler
 * now has built in overflow checking.
 */
library SafeMathUpgradeable {
    /**
     * @dev Returns the addition of two unsigned integers, with an overflow flag.
     *
     * _Available since v3.4._
     */
    function tryAdd(uint256 a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (bool, uint256) {
        unchecked {
            uint256 c = a + b;
            if (c < a) return (false, 0);
            return (true, c);
        }
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the subtraction of two unsigned integers, with an overflow flag.
     *
     * _Available since v3.4._
     */
    function trySub(uint256 a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (bool, uint256) {
        unchecked {
            if (b > a) return (false, 0);
            return (true, a - b);
        }
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the multiplication of two unsigned integers, with an overflow flag.
     *
     * _Available since v3.4._
     */
    function tryMul(uint256 a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (bool, uint256) {
        unchecked {
            // Gas optimization: this is cheaper than requiring 'a' not being zero, but the
            // benefit is lost if 'b' is also tested.
            // See: https://github.com/OpenZeppelin/openzeppelin-contracts/pull/522
            if (a == 0) return (true, 0);
            uint256 c = a * b;
            if (c / a != b) return (false, 0);
            return (true, c);
        }
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the division of two unsigned integers, with a division by zero flag.
     *
     * _Available since v3.4._
     */
    function tryDiv(uint256 a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (bool, uint256) {
        unchecked {
            if (b == 0) return (false, 0);
            return (true, a / b);
        }
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the remainder of dividing two unsigned integers, with a division by zero flag.
     *
     * _Available since v3.4._
     */
    function tryMod(uint256 a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (bool, uint256) {
        unchecked {
            if (b == 0) return (false, 0);
            return (true, a % b);
        }
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the addition of two unsigned integers, reverting on
     * overflow.
     *
     * Counterpart to Solidity's `+` operator.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - Addition cannot overflow.
     */
    function add(uint256 a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        return a + b;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the subtraction of two unsigned integers, reverting on
     * overflow (when the result is negative).
     *
     * Counterpart to Solidity's `-` operator.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - Subtraction cannot overflow.
     */
    function sub(uint256 a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        return a - b;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the multiplication of two unsigned integers, reverting on
     * overflow.
     *
     * Counterpart to Solidity's `*` operator.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - Multiplication cannot overflow.
     */
    function mul(uint256 a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        return a * b;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the integer division of two unsigned integers, reverting on
     * division by zero. The result is rounded towards zero.
     *
     * Counterpart to Solidity's `/` operator.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - The divisor cannot be zero.
     */
    function div(uint256 a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        return a / b;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the remainder of dividing two unsigned integers. (unsigned integer modulo),
     * reverting when dividing by zero.
     *
     * Counterpart to Solidity's `%` operator. This function uses a `revert`
     * opcode (which leaves remaining gas untouched) while Solidity uses an
     * invalid opcode to revert (consuming all remaining gas).
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - The divisor cannot be zero.
     */
    function mod(uint256 a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        return a % b;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the subtraction of two unsigned integers, reverting with custom message on
     * overflow (when the result is negative).
     *
     * CAUTION: This function is deprecated because it requires allocating memory for the error
     * message unnecessarily. For custom revert reasons use {trySub}.
     *
     * Counterpart to Solidity's `-` operator.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - Subtraction cannot overflow.
     */
    function sub(
        uint256 a,
        uint256 b,
        string memory errorMessage
    ) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        unchecked {
            require(b <= a, errorMessage);
            return a - b;
        }
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the integer division of two unsigned integers, reverting with custom message on
     * division by zero. The result is rounded towards zero.
     *
     * Counterpart to Solidity's `/` operator. Note: this function uses a
     * `revert` opcode (which leaves remaining gas untouched) while Solidity
     * uses an invalid opcode to revert (consuming all remaining gas).
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - The divisor cannot be zero.
     */
    function div(
        uint256 a,
        uint256 b,
        string memory errorMessage
    ) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        unchecked {
            require(b > 0, errorMessage);
            return a / b;
        }
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the remainder of dividing two unsigned integers. (unsigned integer modulo),
     * reverting with custom message when dividing by zero.
     *
     * CAUTION: This function is deprecated because it requires allocating memory for the error
     * message unnecessarily. For custom revert reasons use {tryMod}.
     *
     * Counterpart to Solidity's `%` operator. This function uses a `revert`
     * opcode (which leaves remaining gas untouched) while Solidity uses an
     * invalid opcode to revert (consuming all remaining gas).
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - The divisor cannot be zero.
     */
    function mod(
        uint256 a,
        uint256 b,
        string memory errorMessage
    ) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        unchecked {
            require(b > 0, errorMessage);
            return a % b;
        }
    }
}

File 6 of 21 : MerkleProofUpgradeable.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
// OpenZeppelin Contracts (last updated v4.7.0) (utils/cryptography/MerkleProof.sol)

pragma solidity ^0.8.0;

/**
 * @dev These functions deal with verification of Merkle Tree proofs.
 *
 * The proofs can be generated using the JavaScript library
 * https://github.com/miguelmota/merkletreejs[merkletreejs].
 * Note: the hashing algorithm should be keccak256 and pair sorting should be enabled.
 *
 * See `test/utils/cryptography/MerkleProof.test.js` for some examples.
 *
 * WARNING: You should avoid using leaf values that are 64 bytes long prior to
 * hashing, or use a hash function other than keccak256 for hashing leaves.
 * This is because the concatenation of a sorted pair of internal nodes in
 * the merkle tree could be reinterpreted as a leaf value.
 */
library MerkleProofUpgradeable {
    /**
     * @dev Returns true if a `leaf` can be proved to be a part of a Merkle tree
     * defined by `root`. For this, a `proof` must be provided, containing
     * sibling hashes on the branch from the leaf to the root of the tree. Each
     * pair of leaves and each pair of pre-images are assumed to be sorted.
     */
    function verify(
        bytes32[] memory proof,
        bytes32 root,
        bytes32 leaf
    ) internal pure returns (bool) {
        return processProof(proof, leaf) == root;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Calldata version of {verify}
     *
     * _Available since v4.7._
     */
    function verifyCalldata(
        bytes32[] calldata proof,
        bytes32 root,
        bytes32 leaf
    ) internal pure returns (bool) {
        return processProofCalldata(proof, leaf) == root;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the rebuilt hash obtained by traversing a Merkle tree up
     * from `leaf` using `proof`. A `proof` is valid if and only if the rebuilt
     * hash matches the root of the tree. When processing the proof, the pairs
     * of leafs & pre-images are assumed to be sorted.
     *
     * _Available since v4.4._
     */
    function processProof(bytes32[] memory proof, bytes32 leaf) internal pure returns (bytes32) {
        bytes32 computedHash = leaf;
        for (uint256 i = 0; i < proof.length; i++) {
            computedHash = _hashPair(computedHash, proof[i]);
        }
        return computedHash;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Calldata version of {processProof}
     *
     * _Available since v4.7._
     */
    function processProofCalldata(bytes32[] calldata proof, bytes32 leaf) internal pure returns (bytes32) {
        bytes32 computedHash = leaf;
        for (uint256 i = 0; i < proof.length; i++) {
            computedHash = _hashPair(computedHash, proof[i]);
        }
        return computedHash;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns true if the `leaves` can be proved to be a part of a Merkle tree defined by
     * `root`, according to `proof` and `proofFlags` as described in {processMultiProof}.
     *
     * _Available since v4.7._
     */
    function multiProofVerify(
        bytes32[] memory proof,
        bool[] memory proofFlags,
        bytes32 root,
        bytes32[] memory leaves
    ) internal pure returns (bool) {
        return processMultiProof(proof, proofFlags, leaves) == root;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Calldata version of {multiProofVerify}
     *
     * _Available since v4.7._
     */
    function multiProofVerifyCalldata(
        bytes32[] calldata proof,
        bool[] calldata proofFlags,
        bytes32 root,
        bytes32[] memory leaves
    ) internal pure returns (bool) {
        return processMultiProofCalldata(proof, proofFlags, leaves) == root;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the root of a tree reconstructed from `leaves` and the sibling nodes in `proof`,
     * consuming from one or the other at each step according to the instructions given by
     * `proofFlags`.
     *
     * _Available since v4.7._
     */
    function processMultiProof(
        bytes32[] memory proof,
        bool[] memory proofFlags,
        bytes32[] memory leaves
    ) internal pure returns (bytes32 merkleRoot) {
        // This function rebuild the root hash by traversing the tree up from the leaves. The root is rebuilt by
        // consuming and producing values on a queue. The queue starts with the `leaves` array, then goes onto the
        // `hashes` array. At the end of the process, the last hash in the `hashes` array should contain the root of
        // the merkle tree.
        uint256 leavesLen = leaves.length;
        uint256 totalHashes = proofFlags.length;

        // Check proof validity.
        require(leavesLen + proof.length - 1 == totalHashes, "MerkleProof: invalid multiproof");

        // The xxxPos values are "pointers" to the next value to consume in each array. All accesses are done using
        // `xxx[xxxPos++]`, which return the current value and increment the pointer, thus mimicking a queue's "pop".
        bytes32[] memory hashes = new bytes32[](totalHashes);
        uint256 leafPos = 0;
        uint256 hashPos = 0;
        uint256 proofPos = 0;
        // At each step, we compute the next hash using two values:
        // - a value from the "main queue". If not all leaves have been consumed, we get the next leaf, otherwise we
        //   get the next hash.
        // - depending on the flag, either another value for the "main queue" (merging branches) or an element from the
        //   `proof` array.
        for (uint256 i = 0; i < totalHashes; i++) {
            bytes32 a = leafPos < leavesLen ? leaves[leafPos++] : hashes[hashPos++];
            bytes32 b = proofFlags[i] ? leafPos < leavesLen ? leaves[leafPos++] : hashes[hashPos++] : proof[proofPos++];
            hashes[i] = _hashPair(a, b);
        }

        if (totalHashes > 0) {
            return hashes[totalHashes - 1];
        } else if (leavesLen > 0) {
            return leaves[0];
        } else {
            return proof[0];
        }
    }

    /**
     * @dev Calldata version of {processMultiProof}
     *
     * _Available since v4.7._
     */
    function processMultiProofCalldata(
        bytes32[] calldata proof,
        bool[] calldata proofFlags,
        bytes32[] memory leaves
    ) internal pure returns (bytes32 merkleRoot) {
        // This function rebuild the root hash by traversing the tree up from the leaves. The root is rebuilt by
        // consuming and producing values on a queue. The queue starts with the `leaves` array, then goes onto the
        // `hashes` array. At the end of the process, the last hash in the `hashes` array should contain the root of
        // the merkle tree.
        uint256 leavesLen = leaves.length;
        uint256 totalHashes = proofFlags.length;

        // Check proof validity.
        require(leavesLen + proof.length - 1 == totalHashes, "MerkleProof: invalid multiproof");

        // The xxxPos values are "pointers" to the next value to consume in each array. All accesses are done using
        // `xxx[xxxPos++]`, which return the current value and increment the pointer, thus mimicking a queue's "pop".
        bytes32[] memory hashes = new bytes32[](totalHashes);
        uint256 leafPos = 0;
        uint256 hashPos = 0;
        uint256 proofPos = 0;
        // At each step, we compute the next hash using two values:
        // - a value from the "main queue". If not all leaves have been consumed, we get the next leaf, otherwise we
        //   get the next hash.
        // - depending on the flag, either another value for the "main queue" (merging branches) or an element from the
        //   `proof` array.
        for (uint256 i = 0; i < totalHashes; i++) {
            bytes32 a = leafPos < leavesLen ? leaves[leafPos++] : hashes[hashPos++];
            bytes32 b = proofFlags[i] ? leafPos < leavesLen ? leaves[leafPos++] : hashes[hashPos++] : proof[proofPos++];
            hashes[i] = _hashPair(a, b);
        }

        if (totalHashes > 0) {
            return hashes[totalHashes - 1];
        } else if (leavesLen > 0) {
            return leaves[0];
        } else {
            return proof[0];
        }
    }

    function _hashPair(bytes32 a, bytes32 b) private pure returns (bytes32) {
        return a < b ? _efficientHash(a, b) : _efficientHash(b, a);
    }

    function _efficientHash(bytes32 a, bytes32 b) private pure returns (bytes32 value) {
        /// @solidity memory-safe-assembly
        assembly {
            mstore(0x00, a)
            mstore(0x20, b)
            value := keccak256(0x00, 0x40)
        }
    }
}

File 7 of 21 : IBaseCollection.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
pragma solidity ^0.8.9;

interface IBaseCollection {
    event OperatorAllowed(address indexed operator, bool allowed);
    event OperatorBlocked(address indexed operator, bool blocked);

    /**
     * @dev Contract upgradeable initializer
     */
    function initialize(
        address owner,
        string memory name,
        string memory symbol,
        address treasury,
        address royalty,
        uint96 royaltyFee
    ) external;
}

File 8 of 21 : INiftyKit.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
pragma solidity ^0.8.9;

interface INiftyKit {
    struct Entry {
        uint256 value;
        bool isValue;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Emitted when collection is created
     */
    event CollectionCreated(
        uint96 indexed typeId,
        address indexed collectionAddress
    );

    /**
     * @dev Returns the commission amount.
     */
    function commission(address collection, uint256 amount)
        external
        view
        returns (uint256);

    /**
     * @dev Add fees from Collection
     */
    function addFees(uint256 amount) external;

    /**
     * @dev Add fees claimed by the Collection
     */
    function addFeesClaimed(uint256 amount) external;

    /**
     * @dev Get fees accrued by the account
     */
    function getFees(address account) external view returns (uint256);
}

File 9 of 21 : ContextUpgradeable.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
// OpenZeppelin Contracts v4.4.1 (utils/Context.sol)

pragma solidity ^0.8.0;
import "../proxy/utils/Initializable.sol";

/**
 * @dev Provides information about the current execution context, including the
 * sender of the transaction and its data. While these are generally available
 * via msg.sender and msg.data, they should not be accessed in such a direct
 * manner, since when dealing with meta-transactions the account sending and
 * paying for execution may not be the actual sender (as far as an application
 * is concerned).
 *
 * This contract is only required for intermediate, library-like contracts.
 */
abstract contract ContextUpgradeable is Initializable {
    function __Context_init() internal onlyInitializing {
    }

    function __Context_init_unchained() internal onlyInitializing {
    }
    function _msgSender() internal view virtual returns (address) {
        return msg.sender;
    }

    function _msgData() internal view virtual returns (bytes calldata) {
        return msg.data;
    }

    /**
     * @dev This empty reserved space is put in place to allow future versions to add new
     * variables without shifting down storage in the inheritance chain.
     * See https://docs.openzeppelin.com/contracts/4.x/upgradeable#storage_gaps
     */
    uint256[50] private __gap;
}

File 10 of 21 : OwnableRoles.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
pragma solidity ^0.8.4;

/// @notice Simple single owner and multiroles authorization mixin.
/// @author Solady (https://github.com/vectorized/solady/blob/main/src/auth/OwnableRoles.sol)
/// @dev While the ownable portion follows [EIP-173](https://eips.ethereum.org/EIPS/eip-173)
/// for compatibility, the nomenclature for the 2-step ownership handover and roles
/// may be unique to this codebase.
abstract contract OwnableRoles {
    /*´:°•.°+.*•´.*:˚.°*.˚•´.°:°•.°•.*•´.*:˚.°*.˚•´.°:°•.°+.*•´.*:*/
    /*                       CUSTOM ERRORS                        */
    /*.•°:°.´+˚.*°.˚:*.´•*.+°.•°:´*.´•*.•°.•°:°.´:•˚°.*°.˚:*.´+°.•*/

    /// @dev The caller is not authorized to call the function.
    error Unauthorized();

    /// @dev The `newOwner` cannot be the zero address.
    error NewOwnerIsZeroAddress();

    /// @dev The `pendingOwner` does not have a valid handover request.
    error NoHandoverRequest();

    /// @dev `bytes4(keccak256(bytes("Unauthorized()")))`.
    uint256 private constant _UNAUTHORIZED_ERROR_SELECTOR = 0x82b42900;

    /// @dev `bytes4(keccak256(bytes("NewOwnerIsZeroAddress()")))`.
    uint256 private constant _NEW_OWNER_IS_ZERO_ADDRESS_ERROR_SELECTOR = 0x7448fbae;

    /// @dev `bytes4(keccak256(bytes("NoHandoverRequest()")))`.
    uint256 private constant _NO_HANDOVER_REQUEST_ERROR_SELECTOR = 0x6f5e8818;

    /*´:°•.°+.*•´.*:˚.°*.˚•´.°:°•.°•.*•´.*:˚.°*.˚•´.°:°•.°+.*•´.*:*/
    /*                           EVENTS                           */
    /*.•°:°.´+˚.*°.˚:*.´•*.+°.•°:´*.´•*.•°.•°:°.´:•˚°.*°.˚:*.´+°.•*/

    /// @dev The ownership is transferred from `oldOwner` to `newOwner`.
    /// This event is intentionally kept the same as OpenZeppelin's Ownable to be
    /// compatible with indexers and [EIP-173](https://eips.ethereum.org/EIPS/eip-173),
    /// despite it not being as lightweight as a single argument event.
    event OwnershipTransferred(address indexed oldOwner, address indexed newOwner);

    /// @dev An ownership handover to `pendingOwner` has been requested.
    event OwnershipHandoverRequested(address indexed pendingOwner);

    /// @dev The ownership handover to `pendingOwner` has been cancelled.
    event OwnershipHandoverCanceled(address indexed pendingOwner);

    /// @dev The `user`'s roles is updated to `roles`.
    /// Each bit of `roles` represents whether the role is set.
    event RolesUpdated(address indexed user, uint256 indexed roles);

    /// @dev `keccak256(bytes("OwnershipTransferred(address,address)"))`.
    uint256 private constant _OWNERSHIP_TRANSFERRED_EVENT_SIGNATURE =
        0x8be0079c531659141344cd1fd0a4f28419497f9722a3daafe3b4186f6b6457e0;

    /// @dev `keccak256(bytes("OwnershipHandoverRequested(address)"))`.
    uint256 private constant _OWNERSHIP_HANDOVER_REQUESTED_EVENT_SIGNATURE =
        0xdbf36a107da19e49527a7176a1babf963b4b0ff8cde35ee35d6cd8f1f9ac7e1d;

    /// @dev `keccak256(bytes("OwnershipHandoverCanceled(address)"))`.
    uint256 private constant _OWNERSHIP_HANDOVER_CANCELED_EVENT_SIGNATURE =
        0xfa7b8eab7da67f412cc9575ed43464468f9bfbae89d1675917346ca6d8fe3c92;

    /// @dev `keccak256(bytes("RolesUpdated(address,uint256)"))`.
    uint256 private constant _ROLES_UPDATED_EVENT_SIGNATURE =
        0x715ad5ce61fc9595c7b415289d59cf203f23a94fa06f04af7e489a0a76e1fe26;

    /*´:°•.°+.*•´.*:˚.°*.˚•´.°:°•.°•.*•´.*:˚.°*.˚•´.°:°•.°+.*•´.*:*/
    /*                          STORAGE                           */
    /*.•°:°.´+˚.*°.˚:*.´•*.+°.•°:´*.´•*.•°.•°:°.´:•˚°.*°.˚:*.´+°.•*/

    /// @dev The owner slot is given by: `not(_OWNER_SLOT_NOT)`.
    /// It is intentionally choosen to be a high value
    /// to avoid collision with lower slots.
    /// The choice of manual storage layout is to enable compatibility
    /// with both regular and upgradeable contracts.
    ///
    /// The role slot of `user` is given by:
    /// ```
    ///     mstore(0x00, or(shl(96, user), _OWNER_SLOT_NOT))
    ///     let roleSlot := keccak256(0x00, 0x20)
    /// ```
    /// This automatically ignores the upper bits of the `user` in case
    /// they are not clean, as well as keep the `keccak256` under 32-bytes.
    uint256 private constant _OWNER_SLOT_NOT = 0x8b78c6d8;

    /// The ownership handover slot of `newOwner` is given by:
    /// ```
    ///     mstore(0x00, or(shl(96, user), _HANDOVER_SLOT_SEED))
    ///     let handoverSlot := keccak256(0x00, 0x20)
    /// ```
    /// It stores the expiry timestamp of the two-step ownership handover.
    uint256 private constant _HANDOVER_SLOT_SEED = 0x389a75e1;

    /*´:°•.°+.*•´.*:˚.°*.˚•´.°:°•.°•.*•´.*:˚.°*.˚•´.°:°•.°+.*•´.*:*/
    /*                     INTERNAL FUNCTIONS                     */
    /*.•°:°.´+˚.*°.˚:*.´•*.+°.•°:´*.´•*.•°.•°:°.´:•˚°.*°.˚:*.´+°.•*/

    /// @dev Initializes the owner directly without authorization guard.
    /// This function must be called upon initialization,
    /// regardless of whether the contract is upgradeable or not.
    /// This is to enable generalization to both regular and upgradeable contracts,
    /// and to save gas in case the initial owner is not the caller.
    /// For performance reasons, this function will not check if there
    /// is an existing owner.
    function _initializeOwner(address newOwner) internal virtual {
        assembly {
            // Clean the upper 96 bits.
            newOwner := shr(96, shl(96, newOwner))
            // Store the new value.
            sstore(not(_OWNER_SLOT_NOT), newOwner)
            // Emit the {OwnershipTransferred} event.
            log3(0, 0, _OWNERSHIP_TRANSFERRED_EVENT_SIGNATURE, 0, newOwner)
        }
    }

    /// @dev Sets the owner directly without authorization guard.
    function _setOwner(address newOwner) internal virtual {
        assembly {
            let ownerSlot := not(_OWNER_SLOT_NOT)
            // Clean the upper 96 bits.
            newOwner := shr(96, shl(96, newOwner))
            // Emit the {OwnershipTransferred} event.
            log3(0, 0, _OWNERSHIP_TRANSFERRED_EVENT_SIGNATURE, sload(ownerSlot), newOwner)
            // Store the new value.
            sstore(ownerSlot, newOwner)
        }
    }

    /// @dev Grants the roles directly without authorization guard.
    /// Each bit of `roles` represents the role to turn on.
    function _grantRoles(address user, uint256 roles) internal virtual {
        assembly {
            // Compute the role slot.
            mstore(0x00, or(shl(96, user), _OWNER_SLOT_NOT))
            let roleSlot := keccak256(0x00, 0x20)
            // Load the current value and `or` it with `roles`.
            let newRoles := or(sload(roleSlot), roles)
            // Store the new value.
            sstore(roleSlot, newRoles)
            // Emit the {RolesUpdated} event.
            log3(0, 0, _ROLES_UPDATED_EVENT_SIGNATURE, shr(96, shl(96, user)), newRoles)
        }
    }

    /// @dev Removes the roles directly without authorization guard.
    /// Each bit of `roles` represents the role to turn off.
    function _removeRoles(address user, uint256 roles) internal virtual {
        assembly {
            // Compute the role slot.
            mstore(0x00, or(shl(96, user), _OWNER_SLOT_NOT))
            let roleSlot := keccak256(0x00, 0x20)
            // Load the current value.
            let currentRoles := sload(roleSlot)
            // Use `and` to compute the intersection of `currentRoles` and `roles`,
            // `xor` it with `currentRoles` to flip the bits in the intersection.
            let newRoles := xor(currentRoles, and(currentRoles, roles))
            // Then, store the new value.
            sstore(roleSlot, newRoles)
            // Emit the {RolesUpdated} event.
            log3(0, 0, _ROLES_UPDATED_EVENT_SIGNATURE, shr(96, shl(96, user)), newRoles)
        }
    }

    /*´:°•.°+.*•´.*:˚.°*.˚•´.°:°•.°•.*•´.*:˚.°*.˚•´.°:°•.°+.*•´.*:*/
    /*                  PUBLIC UPDATE FUNCTIONS                   */
    /*.•°:°.´+˚.*°.˚:*.´•*.+°.•°:´*.´•*.•°.•°:°.´:•˚°.*°.˚:*.´+°.•*/

    /// @dev Allows the owner to transfer the ownership to `newOwner`.
    function transferOwnership(address newOwner) public virtual onlyOwner {
        assembly {
            // Clean the upper 96 bits.
            newOwner := shr(96, shl(96, newOwner))
            // Reverts if the `newOwner` is the zero address.
            if iszero(newOwner) {
                mstore(0x00, _NEW_OWNER_IS_ZERO_ADDRESS_ERROR_SELECTOR)
                revert(0x1c, 0x04)
            }
            // Emit the {OwnershipTransferred} event.
            log3(0, 0, _OWNERSHIP_TRANSFERRED_EVENT_SIGNATURE, caller(), newOwner)
            // Store the new value.
            sstore(not(_OWNER_SLOT_NOT), newOwner)
        }
    }

    /// @dev Allows the owner to renounce their ownership.
    function renounceOwnership() public virtual onlyOwner {
        assembly {
            // Emit the {OwnershipTransferred} event.
            log3(0, 0, _OWNERSHIP_TRANSFERRED_EVENT_SIGNATURE, caller(), 0)
            // Store the new value.
            sstore(not(_OWNER_SLOT_NOT), 0)
        }
    }

    /// @dev Request a two-step ownership handover to the caller.
    /// The request will be automatically expire in 48 hours (172800 seconds) by default.
    function requestOwnershipHandover() public virtual {
        unchecked {
            uint256 expires = block.timestamp + ownershipHandoverValidFor();
            assembly {
                // Compute and set the handover slot to 1.
                mstore(0x00, or(shl(96, caller()), _HANDOVER_SLOT_SEED))
                sstore(keccak256(0x00, 0x20), expires)
                // Emit the {OwnershipHandoverRequested} event.
                log2(0, 0, _OWNERSHIP_HANDOVER_REQUESTED_EVENT_SIGNATURE, caller())
            }
        }
    }

    /// @dev Cancels the two-step ownership handover to the caller, if any.
    function cancelOwnershipHandover() public virtual {
        assembly {
            // Compute and set the handover slot to 0.
            mstore(0x00, or(shl(96, caller()), _HANDOVER_SLOT_SEED))
            sstore(keccak256(0x00, 0x20), 0)
            // Emit the {OwnershipHandoverCanceled} event.
            log2(0, 0, _OWNERSHIP_HANDOVER_CANCELED_EVENT_SIGNATURE, caller())
        }
    }

    /// @dev Allows the owner to complete the two-step ownership handover to `pendingOwner`.
    /// Reverts if there is no existing ownership handover requested by `pendingOwner`.
    function completeOwnershipHandover(address pendingOwner) public virtual onlyOwner {
        assembly {
            // Clean the upper 96 bits.
            pendingOwner := shr(96, shl(96, pendingOwner))
            // Compute and set the handover slot to 0.
            mstore(0x00, or(shl(96, pendingOwner), _HANDOVER_SLOT_SEED))
            let handoverSlot := keccak256(0x00, 0x20)
            // If the handover does not exist, or has expired.
            if gt(timestamp(), sload(handoverSlot)) {
                mstore(0x00, _NO_HANDOVER_REQUEST_ERROR_SELECTOR)
                revert(0x1c, 0x04)
            }
            // Set the handover slot to 0.
            sstore(handoverSlot, 0)
            // Emit the {OwnershipTransferred} event.
            log3(0, 0, _OWNERSHIP_TRANSFERRED_EVENT_SIGNATURE, caller(), pendingOwner)
            // Store the new value.
            sstore(not(_OWNER_SLOT_NOT), pendingOwner)
        }
    }

    /// @dev Allows the owner to grant `user` `roles`.
    /// If the `user` already has a role, then it will be an no-op for the role.
    function grantRoles(address user, uint256 roles) public virtual onlyOwner {
        _grantRoles(user, roles);
    }

    /// @dev Allows the owner to remove `user` `roles`.
    /// If the `user` does not have a role, then it will be an no-op for the role.
    function revokeRoles(address user, uint256 roles) public virtual onlyOwner {
        _removeRoles(user, roles);
    }

    /// @dev Allow the caller to remove their own roles.
    /// If the caller does not have a role, then it will be an no-op for the role.
    function renounceRoles(uint256 roles) public virtual {
        _removeRoles(msg.sender, roles);
    }

    /*´:°•.°+.*•´.*:˚.°*.˚•´.°:°•.°•.*•´.*:˚.°*.˚•´.°:°•.°+.*•´.*:*/
    /*                   PUBLIC READ FUNCTIONS                    */
    /*.•°:°.´+˚.*°.˚:*.´•*.+°.•°:´*.´•*.•°.•°:°.´:•˚°.*°.˚:*.´+°.•*/

    /// @dev Returns the owner of the contract.
    function owner() public view virtual returns (address result) {
        assembly {
            result := sload(not(_OWNER_SLOT_NOT))
        }
    }

    /// @dev Returns the expiry timestamp for the two-step ownership handover to `pendingOwner`.
    function ownershipHandoverExpiresAt(address pendingOwner) public view virtual returns (uint256 result) {
        assembly {
            // Compute the handover slot.
            mstore(0x00, or(shl(96, pendingOwner), _HANDOVER_SLOT_SEED))
            // Load the handover slot.
            result := sload(keccak256(0x00, 0x20))
        }
    }

    /// @dev Returns how long a two-step ownership handover is valid for in seconds.
    function ownershipHandoverValidFor() public view virtual returns (uint64) {
        return 48 * 3600;
    }

    /// @dev Returns whether `user` has any of `roles`.
    function hasAnyRole(address user, uint256 roles) public view virtual returns (bool result) {
        assembly {
            // Compute the role slot.
            mstore(0x00, or(shl(96, user), _OWNER_SLOT_NOT))
            // Load the stored value, and set the result to whether the
            // `and` intersection of the value and `roles` is not zero.
            result := iszero(iszero(and(sload(keccak256(0x00, 0x20)), roles)))
        }
    }

    /// @dev Returns whether `user` has all of `roles`.
    function hasAllRoles(address user, uint256 roles) public view virtual returns (bool result) {
        assembly {
            // Compute the role slot.
            mstore(0x00, or(shl(96, user), _OWNER_SLOT_NOT))
            // Whether the stored value is contains all the set bits in `roles`.
            result := eq(and(sload(keccak256(0x00, 0x20)), roles), roles)
        }
    }

    /// @dev Returns the roles of `user`.
    function rolesOf(address user) public view virtual returns (uint256 roles) {
        assembly {
            // Compute the role slot.
            mstore(0x00, or(shl(96, user), _OWNER_SLOT_NOT))
            // Load the stored value.
            roles := sload(keccak256(0x00, 0x20))
        }
    }

    /// @dev Convenience function to return a `roles` bitmap from the `ordinals`.
    /// This is meant for frontends like Etherscan, and is therefore not fully optimized.
    /// Not recommended to be called on-chain.
    function rolesFromOrdinals(uint8[] memory ordinals) public pure returns (uint256 roles) {
        assembly {
            // Skip the length slot.
            let o := add(ordinals, 0x20)
            // `shl` 5 is equivalent to multiplying by 0x20.
            let end := add(o, shl(5, mload(ordinals)))
            // prettier-ignore
            for {} iszero(eq(o, end)) { o := add(o, 0x20) } {
                roles := or(roles, shl(and(mload(o), 0xff), 1))
            }
        }
    }

    /// @dev Convenience function to return a `roles` bitmap from the `ordinals`.
    /// This is meant for frontends like Etherscan, and is therefore not fully optimized.
    /// Not recommended to be called on-chain.
    function ordinalsFromRoles(uint256 roles) public pure returns (uint8[] memory ordinals) {
        assembly {
            // Grab the pointer to the free memory.
            let ptr := add(mload(0x40), 0x20)
            // The absence of lookup tables, De Bruijn, etc., here is intentional for
            // smaller bytecode, as this function is not meant to be called on-chain.
            // prettier-ignore
            for { let i := 0 } 1 { i := add(i, 1) } {
                mstore(ptr, i)
                // `shr` 5 is equivalent to multiplying by 0x20.
                // Push back into the ordinals array if the bit is set.
                ptr := add(ptr, shl(5, and(roles, 1)))
                roles := shr(1, roles)
                // prettier-ignore
                if iszero(roles) { break }
            }
            // Set `ordinals` to the start of the free memory.
            ordinals := mload(0x40)
            // Allocate the memory.
            mstore(0x40, ptr)
            // Store the length of `ordinals`.
            mstore(ordinals, shr(5, sub(ptr, add(ordinals, 0x20))))
        }
    }

    /*´:°•.°+.*•´.*:˚.°*.˚•´.°:°•.°•.*•´.*:˚.°*.˚•´.°:°•.°+.*•´.*:*/
    /*                         MODIFIERS                          */
    /*.•°:°.´+˚.*°.˚:*.´•*.+°.•°:´*.´•*.•°.•°:°.´:•˚°.*°.˚:*.´+°.•*/

    /// @dev Marks a function as only callable by the owner.
    modifier onlyOwner() virtual {
        assembly {
            // If the caller is not the stored owner, revert.
            if iszero(eq(caller(), sload(not(_OWNER_SLOT_NOT)))) {
                mstore(0x00, _UNAUTHORIZED_ERROR_SELECTOR)
                revert(0x1c, 0x04)
            }
        }
        _;
    }

    /// @dev Marks a function as only callable by an account with `roles`.
    modifier onlyRoles(uint256 roles) virtual {
        assembly {
            // Compute the role slot.
            mstore(0x00, or(shl(96, caller()), _OWNER_SLOT_NOT))
            // Load the stored value, and if the `and` intersection
            // of the value and `roles` is zero, revert.
            if iszero(and(sload(keccak256(0x00, 0x20)), roles)) {
                mstore(0x00, _UNAUTHORIZED_ERROR_SELECTOR)
                revert(0x1c, 0x04)
            }
        }
        _;
    }

    /// @dev Marks a function as only callable by the owner or by an account
    /// with `roles`. Checks for ownership first, then lazily checks for roles.
    modifier onlyOwnerOrRoles(uint256 roles) virtual {
        assembly {
            // If the caller is not the stored owner.
            if iszero(eq(caller(), sload(not(_OWNER_SLOT_NOT)))) {
                // Compute the role slot.
                mstore(0x00, or(shl(96, caller()), _OWNER_SLOT_NOT))
                // Load the stored value, and if the `and` intersection
                // of the value and `roles` is zero, revert.
                if iszero(and(sload(keccak256(0x00, 0x20)), roles)) {
                    mstore(0x00, _UNAUTHORIZED_ERROR_SELECTOR)
                    revert(0x1c, 0x04)
                }
            }
        }
        _;
    }

    /// @dev Marks a function as only callable by an account with `roles`
    /// or the owner. Checks for roles first, then lazily checks for ownership.
    modifier onlyRolesOrOwner(uint256 roles) virtual {
        assembly {
            // Compute the role slot.
            mstore(0x00, or(shl(96, caller()), _OWNER_SLOT_NOT))
            // Load the stored value, and if the `and` intersection
            // of the value and `roles` is zero, revert.
            if iszero(and(sload(keccak256(0x00, 0x20)), roles)) {
                // If the caller is not the stored owner.
                if iszero(eq(caller(), sload(not(_OWNER_SLOT_NOT)))) {
                    mstore(0x00, _UNAUTHORIZED_ERROR_SELECTOR)
                    revert(0x1c, 0x04)
                }
            }
        }
        _;
    }

    /*´:°•.°+.*•´.*:˚.°*.˚•´.°:°•.°•.*•´.*:˚.°*.˚•´.°:°•.°+.*•´.*:*/
    /*                       ROLE CONSTANTS                       */
    /*.•°:°.´+˚.*°.˚:*.´•*.+°.•°:´*.´•*.•°.•°:°.´:•˚°.*°.˚:*.´+°.•*/

    // IYKYK

    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_0 = 1 << 0;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_1 = 1 << 1;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_2 = 1 << 2;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_3 = 1 << 3;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_4 = 1 << 4;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_5 = 1 << 5;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_6 = 1 << 6;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_7 = 1 << 7;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_8 = 1 << 8;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_9 = 1 << 9;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_10 = 1 << 10;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_11 = 1 << 11;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_12 = 1 << 12;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_13 = 1 << 13;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_14 = 1 << 14;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_15 = 1 << 15;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_16 = 1 << 16;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_17 = 1 << 17;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_18 = 1 << 18;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_19 = 1 << 19;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_20 = 1 << 20;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_21 = 1 << 21;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_22 = 1 << 22;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_23 = 1 << 23;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_24 = 1 << 24;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_25 = 1 << 25;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_26 = 1 << 26;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_27 = 1 << 27;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_28 = 1 << 28;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_29 = 1 << 29;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_30 = 1 << 30;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_31 = 1 << 31;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_32 = 1 << 32;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_33 = 1 << 33;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_34 = 1 << 34;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_35 = 1 << 35;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_36 = 1 << 36;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_37 = 1 << 37;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_38 = 1 << 38;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_39 = 1 << 39;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_40 = 1 << 40;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_41 = 1 << 41;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_42 = 1 << 42;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_43 = 1 << 43;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_44 = 1 << 44;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_45 = 1 << 45;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_46 = 1 << 46;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_47 = 1 << 47;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_48 = 1 << 48;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_49 = 1 << 49;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_50 = 1 << 50;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_51 = 1 << 51;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_52 = 1 << 52;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_53 = 1 << 53;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_54 = 1 << 54;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_55 = 1 << 55;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_56 = 1 << 56;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_57 = 1 << 57;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_58 = 1 << 58;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_59 = 1 << 59;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_60 = 1 << 60;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_61 = 1 << 61;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_62 = 1 << 62;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_63 = 1 << 63;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_64 = 1 << 64;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_65 = 1 << 65;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_66 = 1 << 66;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_67 = 1 << 67;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_68 = 1 << 68;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_69 = 1 << 69;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_70 = 1 << 70;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_71 = 1 << 71;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_72 = 1 << 72;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_73 = 1 << 73;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_74 = 1 << 74;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_75 = 1 << 75;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_76 = 1 << 76;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_77 = 1 << 77;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_78 = 1 << 78;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_79 = 1 << 79;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_80 = 1 << 80;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_81 = 1 << 81;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_82 = 1 << 82;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_83 = 1 << 83;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_84 = 1 << 84;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_85 = 1 << 85;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_86 = 1 << 86;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_87 = 1 << 87;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_88 = 1 << 88;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_89 = 1 << 89;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_90 = 1 << 90;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_91 = 1 << 91;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_92 = 1 << 92;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_93 = 1 << 93;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_94 = 1 << 94;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_95 = 1 << 95;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_96 = 1 << 96;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_97 = 1 << 97;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_98 = 1 << 98;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_99 = 1 << 99;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_100 = 1 << 100;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_101 = 1 << 101;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_102 = 1 << 102;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_103 = 1 << 103;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_104 = 1 << 104;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_105 = 1 << 105;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_106 = 1 << 106;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_107 = 1 << 107;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_108 = 1 << 108;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_109 = 1 << 109;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_110 = 1 << 110;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_111 = 1 << 111;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_112 = 1 << 112;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_113 = 1 << 113;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_114 = 1 << 114;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_115 = 1 << 115;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_116 = 1 << 116;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_117 = 1 << 117;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_118 = 1 << 118;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_119 = 1 << 119;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_120 = 1 << 120;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_121 = 1 << 121;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_122 = 1 << 122;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_123 = 1 << 123;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_124 = 1 << 124;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_125 = 1 << 125;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_126 = 1 << 126;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_127 = 1 << 127;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_128 = 1 << 128;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_129 = 1 << 129;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_130 = 1 << 130;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_131 = 1 << 131;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_132 = 1 << 132;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_133 = 1 << 133;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_134 = 1 << 134;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_135 = 1 << 135;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_136 = 1 << 136;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_137 = 1 << 137;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_138 = 1 << 138;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_139 = 1 << 139;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_140 = 1 << 140;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_141 = 1 << 141;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_142 = 1 << 142;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_143 = 1 << 143;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_144 = 1 << 144;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_145 = 1 << 145;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_146 = 1 << 146;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_147 = 1 << 147;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_148 = 1 << 148;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_149 = 1 << 149;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_150 = 1 << 150;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_151 = 1 << 151;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_152 = 1 << 152;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_153 = 1 << 153;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_154 = 1 << 154;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_155 = 1 << 155;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_156 = 1 << 156;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_157 = 1 << 157;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_158 = 1 << 158;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_159 = 1 << 159;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_160 = 1 << 160;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_161 = 1 << 161;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_162 = 1 << 162;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_163 = 1 << 163;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_164 = 1 << 164;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_165 = 1 << 165;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_166 = 1 << 166;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_167 = 1 << 167;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_168 = 1 << 168;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_169 = 1 << 169;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_170 = 1 << 170;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_171 = 1 << 171;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_172 = 1 << 172;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_173 = 1 << 173;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_174 = 1 << 174;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_175 = 1 << 175;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_176 = 1 << 176;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_177 = 1 << 177;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_178 = 1 << 178;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_179 = 1 << 179;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_180 = 1 << 180;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_181 = 1 << 181;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_182 = 1 << 182;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_183 = 1 << 183;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_184 = 1 << 184;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_185 = 1 << 185;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_186 = 1 << 186;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_187 = 1 << 187;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_188 = 1 << 188;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_189 = 1 << 189;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_190 = 1 << 190;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_191 = 1 << 191;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_192 = 1 << 192;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_193 = 1 << 193;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_194 = 1 << 194;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_195 = 1 << 195;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_196 = 1 << 196;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_197 = 1 << 197;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_198 = 1 << 198;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_199 = 1 << 199;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_200 = 1 << 200;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_201 = 1 << 201;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_202 = 1 << 202;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_203 = 1 << 203;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_204 = 1 << 204;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_205 = 1 << 205;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_206 = 1 << 206;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_207 = 1 << 207;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_208 = 1 << 208;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_209 = 1 << 209;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_210 = 1 << 210;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_211 = 1 << 211;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_212 = 1 << 212;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_213 = 1 << 213;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_214 = 1 << 214;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_215 = 1 << 215;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_216 = 1 << 216;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_217 = 1 << 217;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_218 = 1 << 218;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_219 = 1 << 219;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_220 = 1 << 220;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_221 = 1 << 221;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_222 = 1 << 222;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_223 = 1 << 223;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_224 = 1 << 224;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_225 = 1 << 225;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_226 = 1 << 226;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_227 = 1 << 227;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_228 = 1 << 228;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_229 = 1 << 229;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_230 = 1 << 230;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_231 = 1 << 231;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_232 = 1 << 232;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_233 = 1 << 233;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_234 = 1 << 234;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_235 = 1 << 235;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_236 = 1 << 236;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_237 = 1 << 237;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_238 = 1 << 238;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_239 = 1 << 239;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_240 = 1 << 240;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_241 = 1 << 241;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_242 = 1 << 242;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_243 = 1 << 243;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_244 = 1 << 244;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_245 = 1 << 245;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_246 = 1 << 246;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_247 = 1 << 247;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_248 = 1 << 248;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_249 = 1 << 249;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_250 = 1 << 250;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_251 = 1 << 251;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_252 = 1 << 252;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_253 = 1 << 253;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_254 = 1 << 254;
    uint256 internal constant _ROLE_255 = 1 << 255;
}

File 11 of 21 : AddressUpgradeable.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
// OpenZeppelin Contracts (last updated v4.7.0) (utils/Address.sol)

pragma solidity ^0.8.1;

/**
 * @dev Collection of functions related to the address type
 */
library AddressUpgradeable {
    /**
     * @dev Returns true if `account` is a contract.
     *
     * [IMPORTANT]
     * ====
     * It is unsafe to assume that an address for which this function returns
     * false is an externally-owned account (EOA) and not a contract.
     *
     * Among others, `isContract` will return false for the following
     * types of addresses:
     *
     *  - an externally-owned account
     *  - a contract in construction
     *  - an address where a contract will be created
     *  - an address where a contract lived, but was destroyed
     * ====
     *
     * [IMPORTANT]
     * ====
     * You shouldn't rely on `isContract` to protect against flash loan attacks!
     *
     * Preventing calls from contracts is highly discouraged. It breaks composability, breaks support for smart wallets
     * like Gnosis Safe, and does not provide security since it can be circumvented by calling from a contract
     * constructor.
     * ====
     */
    function isContract(address account) internal view returns (bool) {
        // This method relies on extcodesize/address.code.length, which returns 0
        // for contracts in construction, since the code is only stored at the end
        // of the constructor execution.

        return account.code.length > 0;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Replacement for Solidity's `transfer`: sends `amount` wei to
     * `recipient`, forwarding all available gas and reverting on errors.
     *
     * https://eips.ethereum.org/EIPS/eip-1884[EIP1884] increases the gas cost
     * of certain opcodes, possibly making contracts go over the 2300 gas limit
     * imposed by `transfer`, making them unable to receive funds via
     * `transfer`. {sendValue} removes this limitation.
     *
     * https://diligence.consensys.net/posts/2019/09/stop-using-soliditys-transfer-now/[Learn more].
     *
     * IMPORTANT: because control is transferred to `recipient`, care must be
     * taken to not create reentrancy vulnerabilities. Consider using
     * {ReentrancyGuard} or the
     * https://solidity.readthedocs.io/en/v0.5.11/security-considerations.html#use-the-checks-effects-interactions-pattern[checks-effects-interactions pattern].
     */
    function sendValue(address payable recipient, uint256 amount) internal {
        require(address(this).balance >= amount, "Address: insufficient balance");

        (bool success, ) = recipient.call{value: amount}("");
        require(success, "Address: unable to send value, recipient may have reverted");
    }

    /**
     * @dev Performs a Solidity function call using a low level `call`. A
     * plain `call` is an unsafe replacement for a function call: use this
     * function instead.
     *
     * If `target` reverts with a revert reason, it is bubbled up by this
     * function (like regular Solidity function calls).
     *
     * Returns the raw returned data. To convert to the expected return value,
     * use https://solidity.readthedocs.io/en/latest/units-and-global-variables.html?highlight=abi.decode#abi-encoding-and-decoding-functions[`abi.decode`].
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - `target` must be a contract.
     * - calling `target` with `data` must not revert.
     *
     * _Available since v3.1._
     */
    function functionCall(address target, bytes memory data) internal returns (bytes memory) {
        return functionCall(target, data, "Address: low-level call failed");
    }

    /**
     * @dev Same as {xref-Address-functionCall-address-bytes-}[`functionCall`], but with
     * `errorMessage` as a fallback revert reason when `target` reverts.
     *
     * _Available since v3.1._
     */
    function functionCall(
        address target,
        bytes memory data,
        string memory errorMessage
    ) internal returns (bytes memory) {
        return functionCallWithValue(target, data, 0, errorMessage);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Same as {xref-Address-functionCall-address-bytes-}[`functionCall`],
     * but also transferring `value` wei to `target`.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - the calling contract must have an ETH balance of at least `value`.
     * - the called Solidity function must be `payable`.
     *
     * _Available since v3.1._
     */
    function functionCallWithValue(
        address target,
        bytes memory data,
        uint256 value
    ) internal returns (bytes memory) {
        return functionCallWithValue(target, data, value, "Address: low-level call with value failed");
    }

    /**
     * @dev Same as {xref-Address-functionCallWithValue-address-bytes-uint256-}[`functionCallWithValue`], but
     * with `errorMessage` as a fallback revert reason when `target` reverts.
     *
     * _Available since v3.1._
     */
    function functionCallWithValue(
        address target,
        bytes memory data,
        uint256 value,
        string memory errorMessage
    ) internal returns (bytes memory) {
        require(address(this).balance >= value, "Address: insufficient balance for call");
        require(isContract(target), "Address: call to non-contract");

        (bool success, bytes memory returndata) = target.call{value: value}(data);
        return verifyCallResult(success, returndata, errorMessage);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Same as {xref-Address-functionCall-address-bytes-}[`functionCall`],
     * but performing a static call.
     *
     * _Available since v3.3._
     */
    function functionStaticCall(address target, bytes memory data) internal view returns (bytes memory) {
        return functionStaticCall(target, data, "Address: low-level static call failed");
    }

    /**
     * @dev Same as {xref-Address-functionCall-address-bytes-string-}[`functionCall`],
     * but performing a static call.
     *
     * _Available since v3.3._
     */
    function functionStaticCall(
        address target,
        bytes memory data,
        string memory errorMessage
    ) internal view returns (bytes memory) {
        require(isContract(target), "Address: static call to non-contract");

        (bool success, bytes memory returndata) = target.staticcall(data);
        return verifyCallResult(success, returndata, errorMessage);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Tool to verifies that a low level call was successful, and revert if it wasn't, either by bubbling the
     * revert reason using the provided one.
     *
     * _Available since v4.3._
     */
    function verifyCallResult(
        bool success,
        bytes memory returndata,
        string memory errorMessage
    ) internal pure returns (bytes memory) {
        if (success) {
            return returndata;
        } else {
            // Look for revert reason and bubble it up if present
            if (returndata.length > 0) {
                // The easiest way to bubble the revert reason is using memory via assembly
                /// @solidity memory-safe-assembly
                assembly {
                    let returndata_size := mload(returndata)
                    revert(add(32, returndata), returndata_size)
                }
            } else {
                revert(errorMessage);
            }
        }
    }
}

File 12 of 21 : ERC2981Upgradeable.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
// OpenZeppelin Contracts (last updated v4.7.0) (token/common/ERC2981.sol)

pragma solidity ^0.8.0;

import "../../interfaces/IERC2981Upgradeable.sol";
import "../../utils/introspection/ERC165Upgradeable.sol";
import "../../proxy/utils/Initializable.sol";

/**
 * @dev Implementation of the NFT Royalty Standard, a standardized way to retrieve royalty payment information.
 *
 * Royalty information can be specified globally for all token ids via {_setDefaultRoyalty}, and/or individually for
 * specific token ids via {_setTokenRoyalty}. The latter takes precedence over the first.
 *
 * Royalty is specified as a fraction of sale price. {_feeDenominator} is overridable but defaults to 10000, meaning the
 * fee is specified in basis points by default.
 *
 * IMPORTANT: ERC-2981 only specifies a way to signal royalty information and does not enforce its payment. See
 * https://eips.ethereum.org/EIPS/eip-2981#optional-royalty-payments[Rationale] in the EIP. Marketplaces are expected to
 * voluntarily pay royalties together with sales, but note that this standard is not yet widely supported.
 *
 * _Available since v4.5._
 */
abstract contract ERC2981Upgradeable is Initializable, IERC2981Upgradeable, ERC165Upgradeable {
    function __ERC2981_init() internal onlyInitializing {
    }

    function __ERC2981_init_unchained() internal onlyInitializing {
    }
    struct RoyaltyInfo {
        address receiver;
        uint96 royaltyFraction;
    }

    RoyaltyInfo private _defaultRoyaltyInfo;
    mapping(uint256 => RoyaltyInfo) private _tokenRoyaltyInfo;

    /**
     * @dev See {IERC165-supportsInterface}.
     */
    function supportsInterface(bytes4 interfaceId) public view virtual override(IERC165Upgradeable, ERC165Upgradeable) returns (bool) {
        return interfaceId == type(IERC2981Upgradeable).interfaceId || super.supportsInterface(interfaceId);
    }

    /**
     * @inheritdoc IERC2981Upgradeable
     */
    function royaltyInfo(uint256 _tokenId, uint256 _salePrice) public view virtual override returns (address, uint256) {
        RoyaltyInfo memory royalty = _tokenRoyaltyInfo[_tokenId];

        if (royalty.receiver == address(0)) {
            royalty = _defaultRoyaltyInfo;
        }

        uint256 royaltyAmount = (_salePrice * royalty.royaltyFraction) / _feeDenominator();

        return (royalty.receiver, royaltyAmount);
    }

    /**
     * @dev The denominator with which to interpret the fee set in {_setTokenRoyalty} and {_setDefaultRoyalty} as a
     * fraction of the sale price. Defaults to 10000 so fees are expressed in basis points, but may be customized by an
     * override.
     */
    function _feeDenominator() internal pure virtual returns (uint96) {
        return 10000;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Sets the royalty information that all ids in this contract will default to.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - `receiver` cannot be the zero address.
     * - `feeNumerator` cannot be greater than the fee denominator.
     */
    function _setDefaultRoyalty(address receiver, uint96 feeNumerator) internal virtual {
        require(feeNumerator <= _feeDenominator(), "ERC2981: royalty fee will exceed salePrice");
        require(receiver != address(0), "ERC2981: invalid receiver");

        _defaultRoyaltyInfo = RoyaltyInfo(receiver, feeNumerator);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Removes default royalty information.
     */
    function _deleteDefaultRoyalty() internal virtual {
        delete _defaultRoyaltyInfo;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Sets the royalty information for a specific token id, overriding the global default.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - `receiver` cannot be the zero address.
     * - `feeNumerator` cannot be greater than the fee denominator.
     */
    function _setTokenRoyalty(
        uint256 tokenId,
        address receiver,
        uint96 feeNumerator
    ) internal virtual {
        require(feeNumerator <= _feeDenominator(), "ERC2981: royalty fee will exceed salePrice");
        require(receiver != address(0), "ERC2981: Invalid parameters");

        _tokenRoyaltyInfo[tokenId] = RoyaltyInfo(receiver, feeNumerator);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Resets royalty information for the token id back to the global default.
     */
    function _resetTokenRoyalty(uint256 tokenId) internal virtual {
        delete _tokenRoyaltyInfo[tokenId];
    }

    /**
     * @dev This empty reserved space is put in place to allow future versions to add new
     * variables without shifting down storage in the inheritance chain.
     * See https://docs.openzeppelin.com/contracts/4.x/upgradeable#storage_gaps
     */
    uint256[48] private __gap;
}

File 13 of 21 : Initializable.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
// OpenZeppelin Contracts (last updated v4.7.0) (proxy/utils/Initializable.sol)

pragma solidity ^0.8.2;

import "../../utils/AddressUpgradeable.sol";

/**
 * @dev This is a base contract to aid in writing upgradeable contracts, or any kind of contract that will be deployed
 * behind a proxy. Since proxied contracts do not make use of a constructor, it's common to move constructor logic to an
 * external initializer function, usually called `initialize`. It then becomes necessary to protect this initializer
 * function so it can only be called once. The {initializer} modifier provided by this contract will have this effect.
 *
 * The initialization functions use a version number. Once a version number is used, it is consumed and cannot be
 * reused. This mechanism prevents re-execution of each "step" but allows the creation of new initialization steps in
 * case an upgrade adds a module that needs to be initialized.
 *
 * For example:
 *
 * [.hljs-theme-light.nopadding]
 * ```
 * contract MyToken is ERC20Upgradeable {
 *     function initialize() initializer public {
 *         __ERC20_init("MyToken", "MTK");
 *     }
 * }
 * contract MyTokenV2 is MyToken, ERC20PermitUpgradeable {
 *     function initializeV2() reinitializer(2) public {
 *         __ERC20Permit_init("MyToken");
 *     }
 * }
 * ```
 *
 * TIP: To avoid leaving the proxy in an uninitialized state, the initializer function should be called as early as
 * possible by providing the encoded function call as the `_data` argument to {ERC1967Proxy-constructor}.
 *
 * CAUTION: When used with inheritance, manual care must be taken to not invoke a parent initializer twice, or to ensure
 * that all initializers are idempotent. This is not verified automatically as constructors are by Solidity.
 *
 * [CAUTION]
 * ====
 * Avoid leaving a contract uninitialized.
 *
 * An uninitialized contract can be taken over by an attacker. This applies to both a proxy and its implementation
 * contract, which may impact the proxy. To prevent the implementation contract from being used, you should invoke
 * the {_disableInitializers} function in the constructor to automatically lock it when it is deployed:
 *
 * [.hljs-theme-light.nopadding]
 * ```
 * /// @custom:oz-upgrades-unsafe-allow constructor
 * constructor() {
 *     _disableInitializers();
 * }
 * ```
 * ====
 */
abstract contract Initializable {
    /**
     * @dev Indicates that the contract has been initialized.
     * @custom:oz-retyped-from bool
     */
    uint8 private _initialized;

    /**
     * @dev Indicates that the contract is in the process of being initialized.
     */
    bool private _initializing;

    /**
     * @dev Triggered when the contract has been initialized or reinitialized.
     */
    event Initialized(uint8 version);

    /**
     * @dev A modifier that defines a protected initializer function that can be invoked at most once. In its scope,
     * `onlyInitializing` functions can be used to initialize parent contracts. Equivalent to `reinitializer(1)`.
     */
    modifier initializer() {
        bool isTopLevelCall = !_initializing;
        require(
            (isTopLevelCall && _initialized < 1) || (!AddressUpgradeable.isContract(address(this)) && _initialized == 1),
            "Initializable: contract is already initialized"
        );
        _initialized = 1;
        if (isTopLevelCall) {
            _initializing = true;
        }
        _;
        if (isTopLevelCall) {
            _initializing = false;
            emit Initialized(1);
        }
    }

    /**
     * @dev A modifier that defines a protected reinitializer function that can be invoked at most once, and only if the
     * contract hasn't been initialized to a greater version before. In its scope, `onlyInitializing` functions can be
     * used to initialize parent contracts.
     *
     * `initializer` is equivalent to `reinitializer(1)`, so a reinitializer may be used after the original
     * initialization step. This is essential to configure modules that are added through upgrades and that require
     * initialization.
     *
     * Note that versions can jump in increments greater than 1; this implies that if multiple reinitializers coexist in
     * a contract, executing them in the right order is up to the developer or operator.
     */
    modifier reinitializer(uint8 version) {
        require(!_initializing && _initialized < version, "Initializable: contract is already initialized");
        _initialized = version;
        _initializing = true;
        _;
        _initializing = false;
        emit Initialized(version);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Modifier to protect an initialization function so that it can only be invoked by functions with the
     * {initializer} and {reinitializer} modifiers, directly or indirectly.
     */
    modifier onlyInitializing() {
        require(_initializing, "Initializable: contract is not initializing");
        _;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Locks the contract, preventing any future reinitialization. This cannot be part of an initializer call.
     * Calling this in the constructor of a contract will prevent that contract from being initialized or reinitialized
     * to any version. It is recommended to use this to lock implementation contracts that are designed to be called
     * through proxies.
     */
    function _disableInitializers() internal virtual {
        require(!_initializing, "Initializable: contract is initializing");
        if (_initialized < type(uint8).max) {
            _initialized = type(uint8).max;
            emit Initialized(type(uint8).max);
        }
    }
}

File 14 of 21 : ERC165Upgradeable.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
// OpenZeppelin Contracts v4.4.1 (utils/introspection/ERC165.sol)

pragma solidity ^0.8.0;

import "./IERC165Upgradeable.sol";
import "../../proxy/utils/Initializable.sol";

/**
 * @dev Implementation of the {IERC165} interface.
 *
 * Contracts that want to implement ERC165 should inherit from this contract and override {supportsInterface} to check
 * for the additional interface id that will be supported. For example:
 *
 * ```solidity
 * function supportsInterface(bytes4 interfaceId) public view virtual override returns (bool) {
 *     return interfaceId == type(MyInterface).interfaceId || super.supportsInterface(interfaceId);
 * }
 * ```
 *
 * Alternatively, {ERC165Storage} provides an easier to use but more expensive implementation.
 */
abstract contract ERC165Upgradeable is Initializable, IERC165Upgradeable {
    function __ERC165_init() internal onlyInitializing {
    }

    function __ERC165_init_unchained() internal onlyInitializing {
    }
    /**
     * @dev See {IERC165-supportsInterface}.
     */
    function supportsInterface(bytes4 interfaceId) public view virtual override returns (bool) {
        return interfaceId == type(IERC165Upgradeable).interfaceId;
    }

    /**
     * @dev This empty reserved space is put in place to allow future versions to add new
     * variables without shifting down storage in the inheritance chain.
     * See https://docs.openzeppelin.com/contracts/4.x/upgradeable#storage_gaps
     */
    uint256[50] private __gap;
}

File 15 of 21 : IERC2981Upgradeable.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
// OpenZeppelin Contracts (last updated v4.6.0) (interfaces/IERC2981.sol)

pragma solidity ^0.8.0;

import "../utils/introspection/IERC165Upgradeable.sol";

/**
 * @dev Interface for the NFT Royalty Standard.
 *
 * A standardized way to retrieve royalty payment information for non-fungible tokens (NFTs) to enable universal
 * support for royalty payments across all NFT marketplaces and ecosystem participants.
 *
 * _Available since v4.5._
 */
interface IERC2981Upgradeable is IERC165Upgradeable {
    /**
     * @dev Returns how much royalty is owed and to whom, based on a sale price that may be denominated in any unit of
     * exchange. The royalty amount is denominated and should be paid in that same unit of exchange.
     */
    function royaltyInfo(uint256 tokenId, uint256 salePrice)
        external
        view
        returns (address receiver, uint256 royaltyAmount);
}

File 16 of 21 : IERC165Upgradeable.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
// OpenZeppelin Contracts v4.4.1 (utils/introspection/IERC165.sol)

pragma solidity ^0.8.0;

/**
 * @dev Interface of the ERC165 standard, as defined in the
 * https://eips.ethereum.org/EIPS/eip-165[EIP].
 *
 * Implementers can declare support of contract interfaces, which can then be
 * queried by others ({ERC165Checker}).
 *
 * For an implementation, see {ERC165}.
 */
interface IERC165Upgradeable {
    /**
     * @dev Returns true if this contract implements the interface defined by
     * `interfaceId`. See the corresponding
     * https://eips.ethereum.org/EIPS/eip-165#how-interfaces-are-identified[EIP section]
     * to learn more about how these ids are created.
     *
     * This function call must use less than 30 000 gas.
     */
    function supportsInterface(bytes4 interfaceId) external view returns (bool);
}

File 17 of 21 : ERC721AStorage.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT

pragma solidity ^0.8.0;

library ERC721AStorage {
    // Reference type for token approval.
    struct TokenApprovalRef {
        address value;
    }

    struct Layout {
        // =============================================================
        //                            STORAGE
        // =============================================================

        // The next token ID to be minted.
        uint256 _currentIndex;
        // The number of tokens burned.
        uint256 _burnCounter;
        // Token name
        string _name;
        // Token symbol
        string _symbol;
        // Mapping from token ID to ownership details
        // An empty struct value does not necessarily mean the token is unowned.
        // See {_packedOwnershipOf} implementation for details.
        //
        // Bits Layout:
        // - [0..159]   `addr`
        // - [160..223] `startTimestamp`
        // - [224]      `burned`
        // - [225]      `nextInitialized`
        // - [232..255] `extraData`
        mapping(uint256 => uint256) _packedOwnerships;
        // Mapping owner address to address data.
        //
        // Bits Layout:
        // - [0..63]    `balance`
        // - [64..127]  `numberMinted`
        // - [128..191] `numberBurned`
        // - [192..255] `aux`
        mapping(address => uint256) _packedAddressData;
        // Mapping from token ID to approved address.
        mapping(uint256 => ERC721AStorage.TokenApprovalRef) _tokenApprovals;
        // Mapping from owner to operator approvals
        mapping(address => mapping(address => bool)) _operatorApprovals;
    }

    bytes32 internal constant STORAGE_SLOT = keccak256('ERC721A.contracts.storage.ERC721A');

    function layout() internal pure returns (Layout storage l) {
        bytes32 slot = STORAGE_SLOT;
        assembly {
            l.slot := slot
        }
    }
}

File 18 of 21 : IERC721AUpgradeable.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
// ERC721A Contracts v4.2.2
// Creator: Chiru Labs

pragma solidity ^0.8.4;

/**
 * @dev Interface of ERC721A.
 */
interface IERC721AUpgradeable {
    /**
     * The caller must own the token or be an approved operator.
     */
    error ApprovalCallerNotOwnerNorApproved();

    /**
     * The token does not exist.
     */
    error ApprovalQueryForNonexistentToken();

    /**
     * The caller cannot approve to their own address.
     */
    error ApproveToCaller();

    /**
     * Cannot query the balance for the zero address.
     */
    error BalanceQueryForZeroAddress();

    /**
     * Cannot mint to the zero address.
     */
    error MintToZeroAddress();

    /**
     * The quantity of tokens minted must be more than zero.
     */
    error MintZeroQuantity();

    /**
     * The token does not exist.
     */
    error OwnerQueryForNonexistentToken();

    /**
     * The caller must own the token or be an approved operator.
     */
    error TransferCallerNotOwnerNorApproved();

    /**
     * The token must be owned by `from`.
     */
    error TransferFromIncorrectOwner();

    /**
     * Cannot safely transfer to a contract that does not implement the
     * ERC721Receiver interface.
     */
    error TransferToNonERC721ReceiverImplementer();

    /**
     * Cannot transfer to the zero address.
     */
    error TransferToZeroAddress();

    /**
     * The token does not exist.
     */
    error URIQueryForNonexistentToken();

    /**
     * The `quantity` minted with ERC2309 exceeds the safety limit.
     */
    error MintERC2309QuantityExceedsLimit();

    /**
     * The `extraData` cannot be set on an unintialized ownership slot.
     */
    error OwnershipNotInitializedForExtraData();

    // =============================================================
    //                            STRUCTS
    // =============================================================

    struct TokenOwnership {
        // The address of the owner.
        address addr;
        // Stores the start time of ownership with minimal overhead for tokenomics.
        uint64 startTimestamp;
        // Whether the token has been burned.
        bool burned;
        // Arbitrary data similar to `startTimestamp` that can be set via {_extraData}.
        uint24 extraData;
    }

    // =============================================================
    //                         TOKEN COUNTERS
    // =============================================================

    /**
     * @dev Returns the total number of tokens in existence.
     * Burned tokens will reduce the count.
     * To get the total number of tokens minted, please see {_totalMinted}.
     */
    function totalSupply() external view returns (uint256);

    // =============================================================
    //                            IERC165
    // =============================================================

    /**
     * @dev Returns true if this contract implements the interface defined by
     * `interfaceId`. See the corresponding
     * [EIP section](https://eips.ethereum.org/EIPS/eip-165#how-interfaces-are-identified)
     * to learn more about how these ids are created.
     *
     * This function call must use less than 30000 gas.
     */
    function supportsInterface(bytes4 interfaceId) external view returns (bool);

    // =============================================================
    //                            IERC721
    // =============================================================

    /**
     * @dev Emitted when `tokenId` token is transferred from `from` to `to`.
     */
    event Transfer(address indexed from, address indexed to, uint256 indexed tokenId);

    /**
     * @dev Emitted when `owner` enables `approved` to manage the `tokenId` token.
     */
    event Approval(address indexed owner, address indexed approved, uint256 indexed tokenId);

    /**
     * @dev Emitted when `owner` enables or disables
     * (`approved`) `operator` to manage all of its assets.
     */
    event ApprovalForAll(address indexed owner, address indexed operator, bool approved);

    /**
     * @dev Returns the number of tokens in `owner`'s account.
     */
    function balanceOf(address owner) external view returns (uint256 balance);

    /**
     * @dev Returns the owner of the `tokenId` token.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - `tokenId` must exist.
     */
    function ownerOf(uint256 tokenId) external view returns (address owner);

    /**
     * @dev Safely transfers `tokenId` token from `from` to `to`,
     * checking first that contract recipients are aware of the ERC721 protocol
     * to prevent tokens from being forever locked.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - `from` cannot be the zero address.
     * - `to` cannot be the zero address.
     * - `tokenId` token must exist and be owned by `from`.
     * - If the caller is not `from`, it must be have been allowed to move
     * this token by either {approve} or {setApprovalForAll}.
     * - If `to` refers to a smart contract, it must implement
     * {IERC721Receiver-onERC721Received}, which is called upon a safe transfer.
     *
     * Emits a {Transfer} event.
     */
    function safeTransferFrom(
        address from,
        address to,
        uint256 tokenId,
        bytes calldata data
    ) external;

    /**
     * @dev Equivalent to `safeTransferFrom(from, to, tokenId, '')`.
     */
    function safeTransferFrom(
        address from,
        address to,
        uint256 tokenId
    ) external;

    /**
     * @dev Transfers `tokenId` from `from` to `to`.
     *
     * WARNING: Usage of this method is discouraged, use {safeTransferFrom}
     * whenever possible.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - `from` cannot be the zero address.
     * - `to` cannot be the zero address.
     * - `tokenId` token must be owned by `from`.
     * - If the caller is not `from`, it must be approved to move this token
     * by either {approve} or {setApprovalForAll}.
     *
     * Emits a {Transfer} event.
     */
    function transferFrom(
        address from,
        address to,
        uint256 tokenId
    ) external;

    /**
     * @dev Gives permission to `to` to transfer `tokenId` token to another account.
     * The approval is cleared when the token is transferred.
     *
     * Only a single account can be approved at a time, so approving the
     * zero address clears previous approvals.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - The caller must own the token or be an approved operator.
     * - `tokenId` must exist.
     *
     * Emits an {Approval} event.
     */
    function approve(address to, uint256 tokenId) external;

    /**
     * @dev Approve or remove `operator` as an operator for the caller.
     * Operators can call {transferFrom} or {safeTransferFrom}
     * for any token owned by the caller.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - The `operator` cannot be the caller.
     *
     * Emits an {ApprovalForAll} event.
     */
    function setApprovalForAll(address operator, bool _approved) external;

    /**
     * @dev Returns the account approved for `tokenId` token.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - `tokenId` must exist.
     */
    function getApproved(uint256 tokenId) external view returns (address operator);

    /**
     * @dev Returns if the `operator` is allowed to manage all of the assets of `owner`.
     *
     * See {setApprovalForAll}.
     */
    function isApprovedForAll(address owner, address operator) external view returns (bool);

    // =============================================================
    //                        IERC721Metadata
    // =============================================================

    /**
     * @dev Returns the token collection name.
     */
    function name() external view returns (string memory);

    /**
     * @dev Returns the token collection symbol.
     */
    function symbol() external view returns (string memory);

    /**
     * @dev Returns the Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) for `tokenId` token.
     */
    function tokenURI(uint256 tokenId) external view returns (string memory);

    // =============================================================
    //                           IERC2309
    // =============================================================

    /**
     * @dev Emitted when tokens in `fromTokenId` to `toTokenId`
     * (inclusive) is transferred from `from` to `to`, as defined in the
     * [ERC2309](https://eips.ethereum.org/EIPS/eip-2309) standard.
     *
     * See {_mintERC2309} for more details.
     */
    event ConsecutiveTransfer(uint256 indexed fromTokenId, uint256 toTokenId, address indexed from, address indexed to);
}

File 19 of 21 : ERC721A__Initializable.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
pragma solidity ^0.8.0;

/**
 * @dev This is a base contract to aid in writing upgradeable diamond facet contracts, or any kind of contract that will be deployed
 * behind a proxy. Since proxied contracts do not make use of a constructor, it's common to move constructor logic to an
 * external initializer function, usually called `initialize`. It then becomes necessary to protect this initializer
 * function so it can only be called once. The {initializer} modifier provided by this contract will have this effect.
 *
 * TIP: To avoid leaving the proxy in an uninitialized state, the initializer function should be called as early as
 * possible by providing the encoded function call as the `_data` argument to {ERC1967Proxy-constructor}.
 *
 * CAUTION: When used with inheritance, manual care must be taken to not invoke a parent initializer twice, or to ensure
 * that all initializers are idempotent. This is not verified automatically as constructors are by Solidity.
 */

import {ERC721A__InitializableStorage} from './ERC721A__InitializableStorage.sol';

abstract contract ERC721A__Initializable {
    using ERC721A__InitializableStorage for ERC721A__InitializableStorage.Layout;

    /**
     * @dev Modifier to protect an initializer function from being invoked twice.
     */
    modifier initializerERC721A() {
        // If the contract is initializing we ignore whether _initialized is set in order to support multiple
        // inheritance patterns, but we only do this in the context of a constructor, because in other contexts the
        // contract may have been reentered.
        require(
            ERC721A__InitializableStorage.layout()._initializing
                ? _isConstructor()
                : !ERC721A__InitializableStorage.layout()._initialized,
            'ERC721A__Initializable: contract is already initialized'
        );

        bool isTopLevelCall = !ERC721A__InitializableStorage.layout()._initializing;
        if (isTopLevelCall) {
            ERC721A__InitializableStorage.layout()._initializing = true;
            ERC721A__InitializableStorage.layout()._initialized = true;
        }

        _;

        if (isTopLevelCall) {
            ERC721A__InitializableStorage.layout()._initializing = false;
        }
    }

    /**
     * @dev Modifier to protect an initialization function so that it can only be invoked by functions with the
     * {initializer} modifier, directly or indirectly.
     */
    modifier onlyInitializingERC721A() {
        require(
            ERC721A__InitializableStorage.layout()._initializing,
            'ERC721A__Initializable: contract is not initializing'
        );
        _;
    }

    /// @dev Returns true if and only if the function is running in the constructor
    function _isConstructor() private view returns (bool) {
        // extcodesize checks the size of the code stored in an address, and
        // address returns the current address. Since the code is still not
        // deployed when running a constructor, any checks on its code size will
        // yield zero, making it an effective way to detect if a contract is
        // under construction or not.
        address self = address(this);
        uint256 cs;
        assembly {
            cs := extcodesize(self)
        }
        return cs == 0;
    }
}

File 20 of 21 : ERC721A__InitializableStorage.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT

pragma solidity ^0.8.0;

/**
 * @dev This is a base storage for the  initialization function for upgradeable diamond facet contracts
 **/

library ERC721A__InitializableStorage {
    struct Layout {
        /*
         * Indicates that the contract has been initialized.
         */
        bool _initialized;
        /*
         * Indicates that the contract is in the process of being initialized.
         */
        bool _initializing;
    }

    bytes32 internal constant STORAGE_SLOT = keccak256('ERC721A.contracts.storage.initializable.facet');

    function layout() internal pure returns (Layout storage l) {
        bytes32 slot = STORAGE_SLOT;
        assembly {
            l.slot := slot
        }
    }
}

File 21 of 21 : IERC721AQueryableUpgradeable.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
// ERC721A Contracts v4.2.2
// Creator: Chiru Labs

pragma solidity ^0.8.4;

import '../IERC721AUpgradeable.sol';

/**
 * @dev Interface of ERC721AQueryable.
 */
interface IERC721AQueryableUpgradeable is IERC721AUpgradeable {
    /**
     * Invalid query range (`start` >= `stop`).
     */
    error InvalidQueryRange();

    /**
     * @dev Returns the `TokenOwnership` struct at `tokenId` without reverting.
     *
     * If the `tokenId` is out of bounds:
     *
     * - `addr = address(0)`
     * - `startTimestamp = 0`
     * - `burned = false`
     * - `extraData = 0`
     *
     * If the `tokenId` is burned:
     *
     * - `addr = <Address of owner before token was burned>`
     * - `startTimestamp = <Timestamp when token was burned>`
     * - `burned = true`
     * - `extraData = <Extra data when token was burned>`
     *
     * Otherwise:
     *
     * - `addr = <Address of owner>`
     * - `startTimestamp = <Timestamp of start of ownership>`
     * - `burned = false`
     * - `extraData = <Extra data at start of ownership>`
     */
    function explicitOwnershipOf(uint256 tokenId) external view returns (TokenOwnership memory);

    /**
     * @dev Returns an array of `TokenOwnership` structs at `tokenIds` in order.
     * See {ERC721AQueryable-explicitOwnershipOf}
     */
    function explicitOwnershipsOf(uint256[] memory tokenIds) external view returns (TokenOwnership[] memory);

    /**
     * @dev Returns an array of token IDs owned by `owner`,
     * in the range [`start`, `stop`)
     * (i.e. `start <= tokenId < stop`).
     *
     * This function allows for tokens to be queried if the collection
     * grows too big for a single call of {ERC721AQueryable-tokensOfOwner}.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - `start < stop`
     */
    function tokensOfOwnerIn(
        address owner,
        uint256 start,
        uint256 stop
    ) external view returns (uint256[] memory);

    /**
     * @dev Returns an array of token IDs owned by `owner`.
     *
     * This function scans the ownership mapping and is O(`totalSupply`) in complexity.
     * It is meant to be called off-chain.
     *
     * See {ERC721AQueryable-tokensOfOwnerIn} for splitting the scan into
     * multiple smaller scans if the collection is large enough to cause
     * an out-of-gas error (10K collections should be fine).
     */
    function tokensOfOwner(address owner) external view returns (uint256[] memory);
}

Settings
{
  "optimizer": {
    "enabled": true,
    "runs": 200
  },
  "outputSelection": {
    "*": {
      "*": [
        "evm.bytecode",
        "evm.deployedBytecode",
        "devdoc",
        "userdoc",
        "metadata",
        "abi"
      ]
    }
  },
  "metadata": {
    "useLiteralContent": true
  },
  "libraries": {}
}

Contract ABI

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A contract address hosts a smart contract, which is a set of code stored on the blockchain that runs when predetermined conditions are met. Learn more about addresses in our Knowledge Base.